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humanities 241 university of toronto quarterly, volume 73, number 1, winter 2003/4 the >realms of modern celebrity= and confirmed that by the early twentieth century sport truly had become entertainment. Ultimately, Horrall=s case for the transformation of entertainment in the period lies with his suggestion that commodified music-hall culture spawned the modern celebrity. Yet, while between 1890 and 1918 this topical culture was innovative it was also unoriginal. Indeed, given the fact that the industry had not evolved structurally, and remained dominated by the entrepreneurs who had developed the industry, the implication might be that big business was happy to allow the audience to believe that it nurtured the fads of the day, while the industry remained, by Horrall=s own admission, a conservative institution. Horrall concludes by examining the development of popular culture during the Great War. His examination of trench culture is particularly rich, drawing upon the fragility of life in the trenches and the mingling of music hall and sport culture to create a unique trench culture that served to unite men from around the globe. The up-to-dateness and immediacy of this new culture provided these men with the ability to survive, emotionally and psychologically, in a world of death and horror, a world where the ephemeral took on new meaning. (CHRISTOPHER P. HOSGOOD) Lynn McDonald, editor. Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Volume 1. Florence Nightingale: An Introduction to her Life and Family Wilfrid Laurier University Press. xii, 908. $95.00 Lynn McDonald, editor. Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Volume 2. Florence Nightingale=s Spiritual Journey Wilfrid Laurier University Press. xii, 586. $95.00 Lynn McDonald, editor. Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Volume 3. Florence Nightingale=s Theology Wilfrid Laurier University Press. xii, 678. $95.00 The dust-cover of the first volume in Lynn McDonald=s projected sixteen volumes of the Collected Works of Florence Nightingale pictures a marble sculpture of Nightingale on a small drawing-room chair, book in hand, looking intently out past the spectator. Nightingale=s name and dates, 1820B1910, are the only inscription. The sculpture is arresting, conveying a sense of the intellectual and physical intensity of a woman more frequently imagined bedridden in her home after the Crimean War. That impression of concentrated presence is so palpable that the reader can nearly miss the larger setting of the piece. A stray glance catches first the bottle of what looks to be orange juice on the pedestal next to Nightingale=s right foot; next comes awareness of the large orange traffic cone; next the appearance of 242 letters in canada 2002 university of toronto quarterly, volume 73, number 1, winter 2003/4 tubular scaffolding; finally the slightly mouldy plywood and dampish walls surrounding the piece. Nightingale is in storage. The dust-cover speaks to the motivating spirit behind the Collected Works of Florence Nightingale project. It is, as the editors say, an astonishing fact that there is no Collected Works of such an important figure. Committed to publishing all of Nightingale=s vast outpouring of essays, commentaries, diaries, letters, memos, notes B published and unpublished B the project seeks to return Nightingale, in all her energy, vigour, and importance, to a public consciousness that the project understands to have faltered or gone astray. Like the sculpture, Nightingale waits patiently and intently for reclamation or, perhaps more accurately, rehabilitation. The introduction to the first printed volume in the series usefully notes the trends in historical assessments of Nightingale=s importance, setting the terms for that rehabilitation as it does so. To traditional applause for Nightingale=s work as the founder of the modern profession of nursing, a major hospital reformer, and an advocate for public health in India, late twentieth-century scholarship has added her contributions to the development of social science, her spirituality, and her importance as a community health pioneer. But the introduction also argues that much work remains to be done in integrating Nightingale into mainstream textbooks and curricula in these areas. Furthermore, the introduction insists that, where she is part of those curricula, she is often misrepresented. She remains absent from the mainstream history of social science and from literature on peace, war, and...


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