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HUMANITIES 337 both as a way out of the fishing village and to the small but significant Establishment with its comfortable, if woolly, patrician values, which are a far cry from the genuinely provincial small-mindedness ofMike Harris's Ontario. This mix of strengths and limitations provides the background to Waite's account of the fifty-five years during which Dalhousie changed from being a small privately funded institution of under a thousand students to a nationally significant university of nine thousand students enrolled in many graduate and professional programs as well as in those leading to traditional undergraduate degrees. The tough-mindedness of Dalhousie traditions is exemplified in a letter Waite quotes from President MacKenzie to sixty-one-year-old English professor Archibald MacMechan, who, in 1923, wanted to be exempted frominvigilating examinations: 'I was surprised and pained to receive your written complaint/ he writes, 'I do not see how any distinction can be drawn between one member of the staff and another, unless decrepitude sets in, and have that democratic spirit retained through the whole faculty which is an essential of our Dalhousie mode of life.' Another feature of the strange mixture of isolation and cosmopolitanism of the place is the fact that the same MacMechan had to supplement his meagre Dalhousie salary by summer teaching - at Columbia and Harvard. Chronically short of funds, Dalhousie conSistently overspent during its period of rapid expansion and incurred a debt which was to have serious consequences. The origins of this problem are documented in Waite's second volumel as is the extraordinary generosity of its patrons in the early mid-century, Lady Dunn (later Lady Beaverbrook), Rebecca Cohn, and Dorothy Killam. Their massive donations, amounting to many millions of dollars, enabled the university to match its aspirations to become a major research/professional university with facilities in keeping with that goal. Its troubled labour relations, a subtheme in this volume, will undoubtedly form a major section of the next. (ROWLAND SMITH) John Beckwith. Music Papers: Articles and Talks by a Canadian Composer 1961-1994 Golden Dog Press 1997. xiii, 256. $22.95 In this volume, Canadian musician John Beckwith has assembled a selection of his talks and writings spanning more than a thirty-year period of activity as a composer, performer, author, teacher, and advocate for Canadian music. The writings in Music Papas demonstrate the enormous scope of his work. The book contains twenty-five texts of varying lengths and is divided into five sectionsl each ofwhlch represents a particular facet of Beckwith's musical interest. As with other anthologies, the book may be read quite easily in parts, depending on the reader's particular interest. LETTERS IN CANADA as mtegl~allY ae!::aOles, as well as commitment to in the Canadian context. In this way a real sense of most and as well as of the essence mind. Half of the texts in the book are nat:lOflal, rej2;lOItal, and local contexts, " -...,.......' ...."UH c()mpo:sers, and his ,....,......o .... ·....... "nriori·no.:-c- t()w;ardls "'1,..,."T.. rr'n. ..... attitudes and the llT)rece(1erlte,d circumstances of 'his comments and indeed - we awoke to a world where music is and and theatre is life and Lennon is Beethoven.' 'CanMus' coined this AtwoodIS CanLit the second I About Canadian Musk: the motivations behind the first edition of the as well as Beckwith's reIJre:selntatlO!ll in various sources, I A "Failure" Revisited.' In other texts in HUMANITIES 339 his seventieth birthday), 'Shattering a Few Myths' about Gould is of particular note. Here, for example, the often held assumption that Gould was largely self-taught is challenged, as Beckwith maintains that Alberto - Guerrer6~-with whom Gould andBeckwithstudied piano, had considerable influence on Gould's playing, including Gould's preference for sitting low in front of the piano. Here, as in various texts throughout the book, Beckwith injects personal sentiments. This is most evident in the final section of the book, 'Sounds Like ...' in which he describes his gradual loss of hearing, the ramifications of this loss, and his ways of coping with this most difficult deprivation. Throughout these two texts, Beckwith blends personal observations with discussions of other acoustic...


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