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232 LETTERS IN CANADA 1998 of cramped quarters, bad food, seasickness, and danger, such that Thomas Jefferson stipulated that his daughter, Polly, should only make the crossing between April and July, on a vessel that had made at least one crossing but which was not more than five years old. The evolution of luxury liners in the later nineteenth century is familiar, but the development of travel classes between opulent first class and abysmal steerage seems analogous to the opening up of air travel in recent decades, in terms of its offering the middle classes the chance to cross the Atlantic. That Americans in the 18205 were fascinated with eating in a large room where they were given cards with lists of dishes that they could order at their pleasure - that they had never before been in a restaurant - is one of many interesting glimpses into the development of the infrastructure of mass travel. Another is the development of retail stores with fine and mass-produced goods the perusal and purchase of which came to occupy so many visitors to Paris. Generally, anyone at all familiar with the present sights of Paris will be interested in how this city has changed, and how it has sustained the interest of generations of American travellers. Seductive Journey is more a history of American culture than of French, and Levenstein does not pretend otherwise. Nonetheless, part of the book's success is that its author manages to make Paris, and other aspects of French life, independently present in his study, despite its emphasis on the American experience. This is particularly the case in the last chapters dealing with the First World War and the aftermath, when the French were feeling overwhelmed both by the numbers of American tourists and by France's war-related debts to the United States. Similarly, the story of France's resistance to American racist attitudes is well told here, how American tourists' attempts to enforce segregation in transportation and public places were cause for French resentment at the highest levels of government and in the restaurants themselves. Levenstein admits that he researches and writes about travellers in part because he likes touring himself. His book registers that pleasure in its happy combination of scholarly diligence and lively interest in the experiences of fellow tourists of the past. (BRUCE GREENFIELD) Sidney L. Harring. White Man's Law: Native People in Nineteenth-Century Canadian Jurisprudence University of Toronto Press/The Osgoode Society for Canadian Legal History. xvi, 434. $60.00 In this magisterial work, Sidney L. Harring traces the treatment of aboriginal peoples in Canadian law throughout the nineteenth century. Relying on extensive primary archival and secondary scholarly material, Harring argues that nineteenth-century Canadian law and policy, despite HUMANITIES 233 pretensions of 'liberality,' systematicallysought to deny aboriginal peoples their inherent rights to sovereignty, territory, and cultural integrity. Throughout this period, aboriginal peoples resisted the assimilative tendencies of Canadian law, by continually contesting and subverting the assertion and application of Canadian law to their societies, cultures, practices and territories, and by constantly reasserting the value of aboriginal law and aboriginal norms. By maintaining the integrity of their own parallel legal and political institutions, aboriginal peoples were able to lay the ground for contemporary legal and political challenges to the authority of Canadian law. Harring devotes approximately half of his historical analysis to the development of Canadian law relating to aboriginal peoples in Upper Canada ahd Ontario, culminating in an extended discussion of St. Catherines Milling, a case decided by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council in 1888 and regarded as a leading decision on the nature and scope of aboriginal title. He then turns his gaze to the rest of Canada, looking eastward to Quebec and the Maritimes, and westward to the prairies and British Columbia. Throughout the book, Harring strives to engage three lines of inquiry. The first relates to aboriginal law, namely, the institutions, laws, and practices of aboriginal nations themselves. Fully known only to elders, aboriginal law is an elusive field of study. Most aboriginal societies are based on oral tradition. Each aboriginal nation has unique traditions, histories and norms. Researchers face daW1ting cultural and linguistic...


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