- Sing: Poetry from the Indigenous Americas ed. by Allison Adele Hedge Coke
Unique both in its content and in its geographic breadth, Sing: Poetry from the Indigenous Americas brings together for the first time Indigenous poetic voices from across the Americas in a single volume. Neither a manifesto nor a comprehensive collection of Indigenous American verse, the book celebrates the linguistic, cultural, historical, and experiential diversity of human existence on the continent as expressed in the work of "some of the finest poets publishing today in the Indigenous Americas" (10). The poems represent communities from Alaska, Canada, and the United States; Mexico, Guatemala, and Ecuador; and Colombia, Venezuela, Chile, and Peru. The poems are composed in Lenape, Cherokee, Anishinaabe, Mayan, Quechua, Mapuche, Kamsa, Spanish, and English, with a dose of rez/urban vernacular rounding things out. Organized in seven sections, each focused on a given thematic, approach, tone, or intention, poems range in style from the artistically, linguistically, and formally complex to accessible expressions rooted in vernacular traditions and the language, experience, and circumstances of contemporary life.
While readers in both hemispheres will likely recognize many of the contributors, Sing also introduces new and lesser-known voices that have yet to find their way into broader circulation. Poems by such recognizable names as Harjo, Ortiz, Tohe, Erdrich, Revard, and Miranda sit [End Page 258] comfortably alongside work by Brandy Nalani McDougall, Elise Paschen, Tiffany Midge, Paula Nelson, Marci R. Rendon, Natalie Diaz, and Chip Livingston. The volume also gifts those unfamiliar with poetic traditions of the Southern Hemisphere with a powerful introduction to a body of work that reminds us of the urgency and immediacy of expression while also demonstrating commonalities of experience that cut across national, cultural, geographic, and historical boundaries. Special attention is given to those writers whose communities face imminent threat of state violence and who choose to sing despite very real threats to their lives and well-being. Together, the poets and poems emerging from the lands of eagle and condor mutually inform one another, each expanding upon, departing from, or lending depth and complexity to others.
This is nowhere better evident than in the text's complex engagement with contemporary Indigenous experience. While familiar issues of cultural survivance, historical erasure, misrepresentation, and political struggle are well (and rightfully) represented, they are balanced by other expressions of what it means to "be" Indigenous in the Americas today. Questions of home and family are two themes that loom large throughout the book. Where Phil Young and Joseph Bruchac conceive of home at the intersection between place, experience, and memory, Jennifer Forester and Tenille Campbell consider both the pain of having to leave home and the joys of being able to return. For each poet, family and kin relations- both historical and contemporary- define one's ties to home, providing a tether that connects person to place through time and space. Not surprisingly, family is also the locus through which to celebrate the strength of loved ones, the pain of loss, and the hope of forgiveness and reconciliation. Louise Erdrich's and Donna Beyer's loving odes to their grandmothers speak equally to Marci Rendon's tribute to her abuela's struggle for security and love and to Deborah Miranda's prayer for paternal forgiveness in "Ghost Road Song." Other poems by Jules Koostachin, Natalie Diaz, and Molly McGlennen meditate on the unwavering devotion of parents toward their children through metaphors of hunger and sacrifice, while Layli Long Soldier writes of both the extreme joys and the profound sorrows of childbirth. In a powerful riff on the theme of family and forgiveness, Allison Hedge Coke's "America, I Sing You Back" expresses love for a people and a nation that turned their backs on their Indigenous forebears as a child rebels against its parents. Despite the pain and suffering that betrayal engendered, the [End Page 259] speaker is willing to forgive the trespass and welcome the prodigal child back home.
This emphasis on love extends as well to interpersonal and ecological relationships...