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A Newly Discovered Fragment of a Visitatio Sepulchri in Stockholm Nils Holger Petersen Until recently, only six examples of the Visitatio Sepulchri from Scandinavia were known. These were described by Toni Schmid in an article in 1952 and were recently published by Audrey Ekdahl Davidson in Holy Week and Easter Ceremonies and Dramas from Medieval Sweden (1990).' Subsequently, I described and published yet another Visitatio Sepulchri found in the Rigsarkivet in Copenhagen.2 The current article will describe one more Swedish Visitatio that has recently been found in the Riksarkivet, the Swedish national archives in Stockholm. The newly discovered item, which contains the famous Easter dialogue Quern quaeritis in sepulchre, is present in a manuscript fragment from a breviary and exhibits some interesting although by no means unique features in the rubrics.3 I Cod. Fragm. Ant. 410/Smâland 1573, No. 11:2 consists of two independent parchment leaves sewn together, only one of which pertains to the Easter liturgy and the Quern quaeritis. As often happened after the Reformation in Scandinavia, the fragment has been used as binding for accounts, in this instance from the districts of Handbörs and Stranda in Smâland in the southern part of Sweden, as indicated by the notice added at the top of fol. G: "Ârlige rentan äff Handbörs och Stranda Härad 1573." (Fol. 1 is reversed, so that the verso appears as the outside cover of the booklet.) The fragment itself has been dated by the Riksarkivet staff to the thirteenth century. Fol. 2, however, is written in a different hand than fol. 1 and contains material from the feast of John the Baptist; it hence is not of interest for the present inquiry. The folio under consideration has been cut off both at the top and at the right margin of the verso. The remaining portion of the 32 Nils Holger Petersen33 folio measures approximately 20 ? 30 cm. Unfortunately, the two top lines on the verso side have been rendered illegible by erasures and the later sixteenth-century handwriting mentioned above. The ends of most lines, including the musical notation, have been cut away. Both the recto and the verso of fol. 1 give portions of the order for Easter morning, with the recto starting with Holy Saturday Vespers and giving three alleluias as an antiphon for the Laúdate dominum (Psalm 116), followed by the Magnificat with its antiphon Vespere autem sabbati. For Compline only Cum inuocarem (Psalm 4) with its antiphon of three alleluias is indicated. The order continues with Matins for Easter, and for the inuitatorium specifies three alleluias as antiphon for the Uenite exultemus (Psalm 94). (All these alleluia antiphons are musically different.) The manuscript then gives what is called the first nocturn (although it would be rather surprising to find more than one nocturn on this occasion). Throughout the nocturn, an almost universal order is followed which specifies the antiphons Ego sum qui sum for the psalm Beatus uir (Psalm 1), Postulaui patrem meum for the psalm Quare fremuerunt (Psalm 2), and Ego dormiui for Domine quid (Psalm 3). Then follows the versus Quern queris mulier alleluia for which its response is not indicated.4 Thereafter the three responsories of the nocturn are given. Angélus domini descendit is broken off, however, at the bottom of the page. Originally it clearly must have continued on the other side, the verso (which, as noted above, now appears as the booklet's cover). At the end of the first and all through the second line of the verso—with a clearly readable text (but not music)— the alleluia ending of the same responsory and its verse Ángelus domini locutus est mulieribus as well as the return to the Jam surrexit part of the responsory are found. The order continues with the second responsory Ángelus domini locutus est mulieribus dicens and its verse Ecce precedet uos as well as the third Dum transisset sabbatum and its verse Et ualde mane, the latter ending with the Gloria patri. Introduced by the rubric "Ad sepul," the Visitatio Sepulchri follows. First there is the Quis reuoluet antiphon, followed by the rubric "ifr sep": "Quern queritis in sepulchro o...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1936-1637
Print ISSN
0010-4078
Pages
pp. 32-40
Launched on MUSE
2016-10-05
Open Access
No
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