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The final phase of the film covers the overlandjourney by railroad to Taylor's Falls, Minnesota, by Oskar, Andreasson, and their band of followers. Again the trip is arduous, taxing the strength and patience ofthe emigrants. During the course of this journey they are initiated into certain realities of American life, such as fast-talking hucksters eager to take their money in exchange for notions, the disparity between the rich and poor, and the existence ofblack slavery. Time and time again, in fact, even while the script is set in Sweden, The Emigrants challenges its viewers with probing questions involving the paradoxes and contradictions ofdemocracy in American society. The director utilizes Robert Oskar, a teenager who read eagerly about the New World in propaganda literature distributed by promoters of emigration, to carry on this strain throughout the movie. The story concludes as the band reaches its destination, the homestead of a Swedish farmer who had preceded Oskar's group in going to the United States. Most of the band is satisfied to settle down with him in the immediate vicinity ofTaylor's Falls, but Karl Oskar persists in going deeper into the virgin wilderness to determine a terrain even more suitable in his estimation. Here too the screenplay fences with the historiography ofethnicity, especially the question raised by Carlton C. Qualey regarding the role ofthe immigrants on the American frontier. He argues that they did not necessarily "fill-in" already settled locales, as suggested in the writing of Marcus Lee Hansen, but rather they often times established altogether new settlements on the frontier's rawest extremes. Those who stayed in their seats long enough to read the credits at the end of the film learned that we can expect a sequel, The New Land, to follow The Emigrants. PATTON (Twentieth Century Fox, 1970) by Alan Landau Brooklyn College George S. Patton, Jr. was perhaps the most flamboyant and controversial general in the second World War. From 1942 to 1945 he fought in Africa, Sicily, France and Germany. The film Patton attempts to follow the general's wartime career and to give the audience a picture of his character. As Patton, George C. Scott has managed to capture the mood and character of the general. Not only does Scott look like him, but he has caught Patton's vulgarity, his piety - he could pray on his knees and curse like a stable boy, his sentimentality, and the other qualities that made Patton an enigma. Scott vividly brings to life the general who could talk of tearing out the living guts of his enemy and write sentimental poetry, the magnificent anachronism who believed in reincarnation and was so painfully out ofplace in the twentieth century. Although Patton was flamboyant and even controversial in Tunisia, he did not receive wide attention until he led the invasion of Sicily in July of 1943. In researching this portion ofthe film, it seems likely that the writers relied too heavily on General Bradley's memoirs and perhaps on discussions with Bradley himself. (Bradley is listed as a consultant to the movie.) Bradley has made it quite clear in his book that he disagreed with Patton's conduct of the Sicilian campaign. Bradley's bias seems to be present when the film deals with Patton's drive for Palermo. The film's writers assume that when General Montgomery became bogged down on the east coast road and took the Caltagirone-Vizzini road, Patton, looking for glory and caring for nothing else, moved without permission toward Palermo, where he had wanted to land in the first place. 93 The truth is far more complicated. Patton, it appears, was forced to make the best of a bad situation. According to some accounts, Montgomery had begun using the road without informing anyone, including Alexander, the operation's commander. Because ofMontgomery's movement across the line of advance of the American 45th division, Patton was forced to shift this unit back to the beach and into position to the west of the American 1 st division. By forcing this maneuver, Montgomery sowed the seeds ofhis own troubles. The removal ofthe 45th division from its former position enabled elements of the Herman...


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