Abstract

The risks posed by the severe water shortages afflicting the Middle East, North, and East Africa are exacerbated by desultory policies. This paper proposes a holistic treatment of transboundary rivers as a sustainable solution to the problem. This entails the pursuit of comprehensive basin-wide agreements which provide for the equitable allocation of waters between states and set forth mechanisms for the construction of hydroelectric plants and irrigations schemes where they most benefit basins as a whole. The paper analyzes the impediments to reaching such treaties and the deficiencies permeating existing international agreements. It also discusses the risks —ranging from resource depletion and economic decline to outright conflict —associated with the lack of basin-wide agreements.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1945-4724
Print ISSN
1945-4716
Pages
pp. 169-183
Launched on MUSE
2012-05-10
Open Access
No
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