In her Promesas: Geography of the Impossible (1993), the Nuyorican poet Gloria Vando contests the dominant ideologies and national mythographies in Puerto Rico and the United States. Interlacing the lyrical and the confessional with the political, Vando positions herself on the outside of the pedagogical narratives of nationalism in both insular and metropolitan spaces. Rather than simply embrace a sense of belonging to both places, cultures, and nations at once, Vando chooses to belong ni de aquí, ni de allá (neither here, nor there). Out of her sense of marginalization as colonial, feminist, and (second-class) citizen, Gloria Vando reconfigures the limits of both national and diasporic discourses and redefines their traditional referents and articulates alter/native narratives of identification, dislocated yet unwilling to assimilate.


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pp. 140-155
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