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136 SHOFAR Summer 1999 Vol. 17, No.4 Leo Baeck Institute Year Book XLII, 1997, edited by J. A. S. Grenville. London: Secker & Warburg, 1997. 501 pp. £27.00. An impressive and eminently useful volume, this collection of seventeen essays is divided into six chronological categories, beginning with the Age of Emancipation and extending to the post-World War II period. There are also two memoirs and an extensive list of"Post-War Publications on German-speakingJewry" by Barbara Suchy and Annette Pringle (1996). It is remarkable that although this bibliography and its index extend from pages 357 to 479 in the Year Book, it contains only selected items. The editor presents the following observations about the changing trends of scholarship which the Year Book contributions reflect: "The interest in Jewish thought and theology, and in Yiddish studies, is increasing. The time span covered by GermanJewish studies through the centuries has expanded to include the post-war years. The contributors . . . are now . . . younger scholars. . . . Indeed, some contributors are sending us their first or earliest scholarly essays. This places an increasing onus of guidance on the Editors of the Year Book, a privilege we are happy to discharge" (p. ix). Certainly they have exercised this privilege with admirable results in Volume 42, a compendium which is further enhanced by five lovely illustrations. The hallmark of each essay, excepting the two memoir contributions, is the extensive scholarship reflected in the apparatus. Avenues for further inquiry are richly indicated. There is a nice balance between kinds of essays chosen. For example, there are profiles of individual figures: an essay by Elisabeth Kraus entitled "Marcus Mosse, A Jew in the Prussian Province of Posen, 1808-1865" (pp. 1-28) and one by Julius Carlebach and Andreas Bramer: "Continuity or New Beginning? Isaac Emil Lichtigfeld, Rabbi in Frankfurt am Main and Hesse, 1954-1967" (pp. 273-302), to name only two. There are also essays describing various Jewish communities, among them "Orthodoxy and Reform, Revolution and Reaction: The Jewish Community in Ichenhausen 1813-1861" (pp. 29-48) and "Leipzig: Profile of a Jewish Community during the First Years of National-Socialist Germany" (pp. 155-188). This essay is particularly absorbing because it provides answers to popular speculation about why Jews-at least in this community-did not leave their homes as soon as the German political climate changed or questions about the roles of local Jewish leaders in the fate of individuals in their care during those difficult times. Other essays include three in Category II: "Yiddish Studies in the Wilhe1rninian and Weimar Years" (pp. 49-108). There are discussions ofspecific well-known Jews during National Socialism, such as Jewish lawyers in Hamburg (pp. 221-238) and George Bernhard/Fritz Naphtali (pp. 189-220). There is also an essay on "German-speaking Emigrants in Uruguay 1933-1945" by Sonja Wegner, and two very different personal essays, a rather informal one by Amo Herzberg on the town of Filehne, later the name chosen by refugees to America for Filene's department store, and a more disciplined Book Reviews 137 one by Henry J. Kellennan on the Nuremberg Trials. These vivid ftrst-person narratives provide unforgettable glimpses of individuals, known and unknown. Vague as they are from a scholarly point ofview, they are essential to a genuine understanding of events in world affairs affecting Jews at crucial junctures in history. Kellennan, an American citizen, originally a Gennan Jew himself and then a researcher for the Nuremberg trials, gives the following description, whose importance the reader can readily appreciate, quite apart from its absorbing human interest: "I looked to the left and there they were: the men who for twelve years had kept Gennany and the world in a grip of terror. ... There was Goring, now greatly diminished in girth, but, as we were yet to discover, still in full possession ofhis remarkable mental powers. IQ tests had shown him and Hjalmar Schacht to be in the genius category. Donovan had sized him up correctly; he had enlisted my help in an effort to break Goring's resistance and weaken his testimony. We did not get anywhere.... It turned out that there was nothing we could do. The...


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