This article examines the relationships between local languages and cultures linked in a "negotiated" development project. Systematic observations and analysis of cultural productions occurring during any development project allow for a definition of the roles and the rights of various partners in the communication process. The essay focuses on three key points: What is a development project, and what sorts of cultural creations are produced during the course of the project? How can we analyze these cultural productions? What are the possible authorship rights available for the producing communities?