The Jamaican variant of Caribbean nation language fosters a rich cultural heritage in song, poetry, theatre, folktales, proverbs, riddles, quotidian word-play, and varied performance, among other cultural expressions. Nonetheless, despite its profound significance and "authenticity," it was not readily accepted into the cultural canon of "real art." Its "underground" nature, part of a culture that is both historically "submerged" and "emerging," entertains complex, ambiguous relationships with the African identity (Brathwaite 261-263; Clarke 287). In my opinion, when placed in its context, Louise Bennett's poem, "Back to Africa," more than any other text in her extensive repertoire focusing on fundamental political or ideological issues, is an amazingly productive site from which to explore the problematics of popular culture and identity politics in Jamaica and the Caribbean.


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pp. 139-153
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