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  • Contributors

Ralph A. Austen is professor emeritus of African history at the University of Chicago. He received his Ph.D. from Harvard University in 1966. He is the author of African Economic History: Internal Development and External Dependency (1987); The Elusive Epic: The Narrative of Jeki la Njambe in the Historical Culture of the Cameroon Coast (1996); In Search of Sunjata: The Mande Epic as History, Literature and Performance (editor, 1998); Middlemen of the Cameroon Rivers: The Duala and their Hinterland, ca. 1600-ca. 1960 (with Jonathan Derrick, 1998); and Trans-Saharan Africa in World History (2010). Current projects include a biographical-literary study of the Malian intellectual Amadou Hampâté Bâ (1901-1990) and a comparative history of colonial and postcolonial relations between Europe and the Caribbean, South Asia, and tropical Africa (with Woodruff Smith). Dr. Austen may be contacted by e-mail at

Riccardo Ciavolella is a research associate at the Interdisciplinary Institute for the Anthropology of the Contemporary Societies (CNRS/EHESS), Paris. He received his Ph.D. in social anthropology and ethnology from the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, and in anthropology of the contemporary from the University of Milan Bicocca. His research interests include hegemony/subalternity and state/society relationships, especially in Africa. He has recently published Les Peuls et l'État en Mauritanie: Une anthropologie des marges (Karthala, 2010). Dr. Ciavolella may be contacted by e-mail at

Joseph E. Inikori is professor of history, University of Rochester. He was previously chairman of the Department of History, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. One of the pioneers of Atlantic world history, he has published extensively on Atlantic world economic history. His most recent book in the field, Africans and the Industrial Revolution in England: A Study in International Trade and Economic Development (2002), won the 2003 American Historical Association's Leo Gershoy Award for "the most outstanding work in English on any aspect of the field of 17th- and 18th-century western European history" and the 2003 African Studies Association's Herskovits Award. The book has been entered in the American Council of Learned Societies Ebook Project, "dedicated to selecting and creating an electronic collection of important scholarly monographs that are expected to have continuing relevance in the field of history." Dr. Inikori may be contacted by e-mail at

Sabine Luning is an assistant professor at the Institute of Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology at the University of Leiden, the Netherlands. She received her Ph.D. in social sciences from Leiden University in [End Page 110] 1997. Her book Les Nouvelles Choses: Rites et Politique dans la Chefferie de Maane (Burkina Faso), 1960-2000 (2010) deals with the social dynamics of ritual practices in Burkina Faso—a topic at the crossroads of religious ideas, politics, and social identities. Her current research on gold mining in West Africa has resulted in several journal articles on interactions among state actors, international mining companies, artisanal miners, and local communities, as well as the moral discourses that accompany and shape these interactions. Dr. Luning may be contacted by e-mail at

Cristiana Panella is a civil servant of the Belgian Politique Scientifique Fédérale. She works as a researcher in the Department of Cultural Anthropology of the Royal Museum for Central Africa, in Tervuren, Belgium. In 2002, she received a Ph.D. in social sciences from Leiden University, The Netherlands, specializing in local networks of the illegal market of archaeological objects in Mali. Since 2002, she has focused on artisanal gold mining in southern Mali, particularly debt relations, household economy, border economy, social representations of gold. Currently, her research is oriented toward the political creation of illegality and the role of political control, the "global hierarchy of values" and materiality on the spread of international heritagization policies. Dr. Panella may be contacted by e-mail at

Jean-Pierre Warnier is honorary professor at Centre d'Études africaines, Paris. He received his Ph.D. in anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania in 1975. Since 1971, he has done research on the economic and political history of the...


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