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Briefer Notices By Henry J. Cadbury The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 81 (1957), contains among its January notes and documents two on John Bartram. W. N. Prince (pp. 86-88) reports from a letter of CoUinson to Dr. Dillenius, professor of Botany at Oxford, how in 1736 Bartram had traveled nearly 150 miles to the great cedar swamp in New Jersey to get information about the white cedar. F. D. West (pp. 88-90) quotes a letter from the Reverend C. M. Wrangel and the actual certificate from the Royal Academy of Science of Stockholm by which Bartram was received its Fellow in 1769. * * * In The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, CA (1956), 454-457, Harold I. Meyer reports his experiences in identifying near Montpelier postoffice the site of "Cedar Creek Meeting House, Hanover County, Virginia." The house was burned down in 1904. The bricks were removed even from the foundations, thus leaving a rectangular trench. Nearby are evidences of the abandoned burial ground. A woodcut of the house and a map accompany the article. * * * A substantial article in The Encyclopedia of Morals, edited by Vergilius Ferm (New York: Philosophical Library, 1956), pp. 461-469, is by Howard H. Brinton and describes the "Morality of Classical Quakerism." It deals with the sources of Quaker morals, primarily the New Testament and the Inward Light, secondarily the belief that all men are one and share a common divine life. Aspects of the subject are given under the four heads: equality, simplicity, harmony, and community. * * * A single issue, Vol. 4, No. 7 (March 1955), of the Gloucester County [New Jersey] Historical Society's Bulletin contains an historical article on Upper Greenwich Meeting, one by S. Stewart Joslen, Jr. on "Backgrounds of Mullica Hill," which is largely Quaker history, and a column of excerpts from Thomas Chalkley's Journal. * * * Alfred W. Braithwaite has given a careful biography of an early Friend and much more in his Presidential address to our sister society on Thomas Rudyard, Early Friends' "Oracle of Law" (Supplement No. 27 to 122 Briefer Notices123 Journal of the Friends' Historical Society [1956], 21 pages). Beginning with the statement, "The earliest Friends had not much use for lawyers. This is true, I think, both colloquially and literally," he gives evidence that Fox's early expressed criticism of the legal profession and the passive suffering of Friends when illegally treated, was replaced later by a Quaker practice of invoking legal aid. Thomas Rudyard was a Friend who served the Society in this capacity in London. Later he migrated to America and evidently became a moral renegade. * * * An illustrated article on "Miss Sewell of Norfolk," the author of Black Beauty, was published in the East Anglian Magazine, 15 (1956), 542-547. Anna Sewell in her early years was a Friend. * * * James H. Rodabaugh contributed to Museum Echoes, 29 (1956), 27-30, an article on "The Friends Yearly Meeting House at Mount Pleasant [Ohio]." * * * "Michigan Days of Sojourner Truth," by Berenice Lowe in New York Folklore, 12 (1956), 127-135, tells of Sojourner's many associations with Quakers in Michigan. It was a Friend, Henry Willis, who was responsible for her moving to Battle Creek, where an important station of the Underground Railroad was located. * * * Moses Brown's "Account of a journey to distribute donations 12th month 1775" is published with an introduction by Mack E. Thompson in Rhode Island History, 15 (1956), 97-121. This is a first-hand account of the Quaker relief work in Massachusetts in the early days of the Revolution. * * * One might not expect to find Quaker history in a book on the historical development of hybrid corn. Yet Corn and Its Early Fathers by Henry A. Wallace and William L. Brown (Michigan State University Press, 1956) devotes five pages (47-53) to James Logan's pioneer experiments in corn pollination and an entire chapter (pp. 69-79) to the important later work of another Friend, William J. Beal, in developing the hybrids which have so greatly increased the yields of this native American plant. The senior author is a former Secretary of Agriculture and VicePresident of the United States; the junior author is a plant geneticist and...


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