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Briefer Notices By Henry J. Cadbury "Isaac Hicks, Quaker Merchant, 1767-1820" is the title of an interesting article by Robert Davison in Nassau County Historical Journal, 15 (Spring 1954), 3-16. He is described as the type of self-made merchant rising from tailor to storekeeper to wealthy shipowner. He applied to big business his Quaker thrift and morality and was a pioneer in putting ships on regular sailing schedules and in handling cargoes from ships of other merchants.» # * Paul L. Tiers writes on "The Free Quakers" in the Germantowne Crier, 5 (September 1953), 16, 21. * * * John E. Eshelman writes on "The Society of Friends, and their Meeting Houses in Berks County" in Historical Review of Berks County, 19 ( 1954), 104-109, 117-123. This is a revision of an article which originally appeared in the same journal in 1936. * # * The first four of Voltaire's Lettres sur les Anglais, printed in 1734 and written a few years earlier, were about the Quakers and were very influential in the years that followed. A critical translation with introduction and notes by Wilson Frescoln makes them available to our generation in a limited edition of 160 copies. (Voltaire's Letters on the Quakers, Philadelphia : William H. Allen, 1953, 27 pages). * * * The pocket-size series of World Devotional Classics has now included the Journal of John Woolman, edited with an Introduction by Thomas S. Kepler (The World Publishing Company: Cleveland, 1954, 235 pages). It is based on the Whittier edition, ignoring the textually more accurate recent ones. The introduction, of course, is new and includes various modern testimonies to Woolman's character. Unfortunately it quotes (p. xv) from Whittier's Introduction the grotesque description of Benjamin Lay, the hunchback, as referring to Woolman's personal appearance. * # # A very timely subject, Friends in Rektion to the Churches, is dealt with by Roland H. Bainton in the Ward Lecture for 1954 (Guilford College , North Carolina, 16 pages). As a church historian he reviews the reasons why Friends have differed from the churches and have justified it, and have differed among themselves and not justified it. 120 Briefer Notices121 Virgil Barker's "Colloquial History Painting" in Art in America, 42 (1954), 118-125, includes illustrations of two pieces by Edward Hicks — the Peaceable Kingdom and the Declaration of Independence. Hicks's "Good Treaty" of William Penn is reproduced in color in Life, 36 (March 8, 1954), 78. Hicks is sympathetically treated in a chapter on "Eccentrics" in James Thomas Flexner's The Light of Distant Skies (New York: Harcourt Brace, 1954, pp. 222-225). * * » Mrs. Frederick C. Munroe has contributed to Essex Quarterly, 90 (1954), 289-308, 389-409, a transcript of the journal of Rebecca Chase Kinsman, kept on her voyage to China in 1843. She dates by the plain language and recalls the dates when her family would be at Monthly Meeting at Lynn, Massachusetts. This makes an opportunity to refer to earlier contributions of the same Rebecca Kinsman Munroe from the same collection of family materials published in the same periodical. They include an account of Rebecca Kinsman's husband, Nathaniel Kinsman (VoL 85 [1949]), her own life in Macao in the 1840's (86 [1950]), her journey to Manila in 1845-6, (88 [1952]), and diary and letters of their son, Abbot Kinsman about 1862 (87 [1951]). It was the last named for whose death in 1864 Whittier wrote his poem "Kinsman." * * * A history of the Grand Isle Union Church, published by the Church in 1953 on its fiftieth anniversary, includes a brief account (pp. 5-7) of the Friends of Grand Isle in Lake Champlain, New York, as one of the constituent or prior religious groups. Friends arrived in the 1780's. They had a log meetinghouse by 1807 and a brick one in 1829. This was closed in I860 and torn down in 1880. Near this site a large boulder was placed in 1899 with an inscription to their memory. * # # The article on Kent County Loyalists in DeUware History, 6 ( 1954) , includes an account of the sufferings of John Cowgill of Little Creek Hundred, a Quaker, for refusing to accept paper currency in 1775. A letter about it by...


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