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BRIEFER NOTICES By John and Barbara Curtis Delaware History, vol. 17, no. 1, Spring-Summer, 1976, has an article on Hezekiah Niles, publisher of Niles Weekly Register, 1811 to 1836. John Thomas Guertler prepared this study for a department of history program at die University of Delaware. "Hezekiah Niles: Wilmington Printer and Editor," appears on pp. 37-53. Niles was raised a Quaker and remained a member of the Friends until disowned in 1799 for marrying out. * « * W. Ross Yates, professor of government at Lehigh University in Bethlehem , has an article in Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography entitled "Joseph Wharton's nickel business." The primary concern of the paper is business history, but in the course of the analysis there is some reference to the influence of Wharton's Quaker faith on his industrial decisions. The article appears in vol. 101, no. 3 (July, 1977) p. 287-321. The same publication, in its issue vol. 101, no. 2 (April, 1977), p. 151-170, has an article by Jon Butler on aspects of the Keithian schism among Pennsylvania Quakers. It is entitled "Into Pennsylvania's Spiritual Abyss: The rise and fall of the later Keithians, 1693-1703." * * * The opening pages of an article by Carole Haber in the same issue of Pennsylvania Magazine of Hhtory and Biography contain material of Quaker interest. In an analysis of changing concepts of care of the elderly in 19th century Philadelphia eight organizations are appraised, of which the first discussed has many Quaker associations. Haber writes at some length about the origins and subsequent development of the Indigent Widows' and Single Women's Society from 1817 onwards, p. 240-257. "Old folks at home" is her title.» * # Pennsylvania History, vol. 44, no. 1 (January, 1977), p. 53-76, has an article by Harry C. Sikox, "Nineteenth century Philadelphia black militant: Octavius V. Catto (1839-1871)" Catto's main education and later employment was at the Institute for Colored Youth (subsequently Cheyney State College) which was a largely Quaker managed school for black youth. * * · A. Day Bradley sent an interesting paper published in January, 1977, in the Yearbook of the Dutchess County Historical Society with title "Oblong Friends and Dr. Fallon's Hospital." Although the issue has just been published , it is in volume 60, dated 1975, of the Yearbook. Day endeavors to set the record straight as to what actually happened during the occupation of the Oblong Meetinghouse at Quaker Hill by troops of the Continental Army in 1778-1779. He examined old records of local official bodies such as the Commission to Detect and Defeat Conspiracies, as well as minutes of 123 124QUAKER HISTORY meetings for discipline of the Society of Friends. Historical research establishes that so-called "loyal" Friends supportive of the Revolution suffered injury and loss of property quite as much as so-called "Tory" Friends. * * » A Quaker educational effort at Union Springs, N.Y., is the subject of an article by A. D. Bradley in Yesteryears, a quarterly magazine for the appreciation and study of New York Regional History. "Howland School at Union Springs" appears on pp. 96-103 of vol. 20, no. 70 (Spring, 1977). * * ? The Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society, vol. 81, no. 1 (1977) contains a biographical study of a Quaker who travelled in the ministry in the south during the American Revolution. A. D. Bradley writes about the adventures that befell Joshua Brown, a Quaker from the north who went on a spiritual mission among fellow members of the Society of Friends living in the South. His particular concern was for the abolition of slavery and the proper recompense of slaves being set free. * * * Located in the same journal, but an earlier volume, no. 79, appearing in 1975, pp. 150-162, is an article of Quaker interest by Gerelyn Hollingsworth. "Irish Quakers in Colonial Pennsylvania: A forgotten segment of society." According to A. D. Bradley, this is a scholarly discussion of the background of Irish Quakers and their immigration, their activities in public office and in commerce in Pennsylvania, and also their anti-proprietory deeds. * * * Seasoned historians of the printing industry will be happy to examine William and Margaret Sessions' Printing in York. While...


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