Beginning in the 1920s, and continuing for nearly a quarter century, the South Manchuria Railway Company (SMR) was involved in the financing and production of films. Its motion picture division released more than two hundred unique titles, some of which garnered international praise, before the Second World War forced its doors shut. SMR filmmakers produced travelogues, documentaries, proto-ethnographic films, educational shorts, industrials, reportage, advertisements, and political propaganda. They also recorded newsreel footage and occasionally worked on theatrical movies. SMR filmmakers borrowed techniques and artistic forms from around the globe, integrating them with their own aesthetic sensibilities to create a signature style. Despite its numerous achievements, the company's legacy remains unappreciated and its place in East Asian cinema misunderstood.