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BRIEFER NOTICES By Henry J. Cadbury Millard S. Markle, formerly professor of biology at Earlham College, contributed to the Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science for 1959 (LXIX [I960], 243-246) a condensed article on "The Influence of Quakers on Science in Indiana." This influence has mostly come through Earlham College and its notable teachers like Joseph Moore, Allen Hole, and David Worth Dennis of the older days, and their successors. Here was erected the first astronomical observatory in the state in 1861 and here is the best college museum in the midwest. The same writer in the same periodical shares an article on the Joseph Moore Museum (LXVIII [1958], 311-315). "Science flourished at Earlham to a greater extent than in most church-related colleges because of the recognition from the beginning of the fact that there is no discord between scientific education and religion." This was a Quaker asset. * * * A special chapter of Quaker history is rehearsed with special competence in an article by Norman Dain and Eric T. Carlson on "Milieu Therapy in the Nineteenth Century: Patient Care at the Friends Asylum, Frankford, Pennsylvania, 1817-1861" in the Journal of Mentd and Nervous Disease, CXXXI (I960), 277-290. It shows how, during the two periods more than a century ago, 1817-1834, 1834-1861, the Quaker emphasis upon nonviolence was applied to the insane, and modern emphasis on medical, moral, occupational, and milieu therapy was anticipated. Few institutions of that period seem to have available the kind of detailed records preserved at Friends Hospital, especially in the form of daily diaries of the superintendent. * * * Willard Heiss, 4020 East 34th Street, Indianapolis 18, has mimeographed (1961, 10 pages, 75 cents) "A Partial Account of an Itinerary of Nathan Thomas of Wayne County, Indiana, in 1843." The writer (18111846 ) was son of Benjamin Thomas and Anna Moorman, formerly of South Carolina, and husband of Caroline Diggs, with whom he made this journey across Kentucky and Tennessee into North Mississippi. They met many relatives on their leisurely travels, saw much of slavery and other evils. Nathan was interested in Free Produce available where he visited. He was disowned in 1846 for joining with Antislavery Friends. * * * The appearance of a paperback edition of the Journal of John Woolman and a Plea for the Poor (New York: Corinth Books, 1961, 250 pp., $1.75) is very timely, since both the Everyman edition and that by Janet Whitney 52 Briefer Notices53 have been allowed to go out of print. This, like the Everyman, reproduces (in fact reprints by photographic process) the text of theWhittier edition of 1871, which, except for one word, is that of the Warrington edition of 1840, whereas Gummere and Whitney used original MSS. The problem of a satisfactory text has apparently not yet been solved. For example, here the wording of the passage cited on page ? and printed in context on page 227 does not coincide either with each other or with the manuscript wording as lately circulated in facsimile. Whittier's introduction has been omitted, but his footnotes, some of them "dated," have of course been mechanically retained. The new and most satisfying feature is the well-weighed appreciative eightpage introduction by Frederick B. Tolles. * * * A very full account of "Quakerism in West Montgomeryshire" was published in 1961 by E. Ronald Morris in The Montgomeryshire Collections: The Transactions of the Powys-land Club, LVI (1959), 45-65. Better known are the earlier centers of Quakerism in the eastern parts of this Welsh county, like Dolobran, home of the famous Lloyds, and Richard Davies's town of Welshpool. But Quakers were already receiving attention from the authorities in the west in the 1670's at Trefeglwys, Llanidloes, etc. A meetinghouse was built in 1725 at EsgairgĂ´ch, and there was a Friends' school near Llanidloes. The strength of Quakerism was sapped by emigration . The author has followed to America the history of some of the local Quaker families, like the Benbows in Carolina and the Goodwins and the Georges of Pennsylvania, including the founder of George School. The Methodist revival later also reduced the numbers of what had been the strongest group of dissenters in the county in...


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