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  • G-1 Reference And Bibliography

A Books

Brand, Peter, and Lino Pertile, eds. CAMBRIDGE HISTORY OF ITALIAN LITERATURE. Cambridge University Press, 1997. 701 pp. $95.00.

Burke, Frank G. RESEARCH AND THE MANUSCRIPT TRADITION. Scarecrow Press and Society of American Archivists, 1997. x + 311 pp. $50.00.

The former Acting Archivist of the United States discusses virtually every conceivable aspect of archival research in an electronic age, from fundamental questions of access and the wise use of libraries and of research librarians, to more shifting matters of the security of archives and the copyright laws permitting or denying their use. The most technical issues are made to seem manageable and even—through often telling anecdotes—interesting. For the beginning and the experienced researcher alike, this will be an irreplaceable text. (While I do not approve of making a point in reviews of minor oversights in a carefully constructed text, I do wonder about the omission in the Index of reference to a notorious case of archival theft noted in the text: is it possible that the subject somehow did away with the reference?) MPL

Carpenter, Charles A. MODERN DRAMA SCHOLARSHIP AND CRITICISM 1981–1990: AN INTERNATIONAL BIBLIOGRAPHY. University of Toronto Press, 1997. 625 pp. $90.00.

This book is a sequel to the author’s first bibliography, which covered the same topic from 1966 to 1980. The book is intended for students of dramatic literature rather than those of the theatre. Its sections focus on African, Asian, Australian, Hispanic, Canadian, American, and World drama, as well as individual countries in Europe. Nations, regions, themes, and movements are also given special attention. The author notes that a large portion of his citations are not included in the MLA database. Gathering from individual books and about nine hundred journals, little appears to have been overlooked. SSS [End Page 413]

Chevalier, Tracy, ed. ENCYCLOPEDIA OF THE ESSAY. Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 1997. 1002 pp. $135.00.

This book provides biographical information on the major essayists from a wide range of countries, beginning with Montaigne and concluding with Joan Didion. Separate entries are included for occasional essays by writers who were not primarily essayists. There are also helpful surveys of the essay in individual countries. Entries have been written by some two hundred and fifty contributors. As is commonplace today, the essay is conceived broadly, including such subjects as literary theory. Some one thousand pages long, this book is definitely a storehouse of knowledge for any reader. SSS

Garland, Henry, and Mary Garland, eds. OXFORD COMPANION TO GERMAN LITERATURE. Third edition. Oxford University Press, 1997. 951 pp. $80.00.

The third edition of this book has added eighty new entries and revised two hundred that remain from earlier editions. It discusses topics up to the mid-1990s and covers—in separate essays—authors, their major works, themes and movements, and women writers. The entries touch on historical, intellectual, and cultural backgrounds. The definition of “German” is variable, including Kafka, Nietzsche, Jung, and the Reformation. This bibliography sets a new standard for the word “comprehensive,” stretching to almost one thousand pages. Mary Garland wrote most of the new entries and died just before the Companion went to press. SSS

Karl, Frederick R., ed. BIOGRAPHY AND SOURCE STUDIES. AMS Press, 1997. xii + 187 pp. No price listed.

A collection which includes articles on Kafka, Breton, and Kosinski, as well as others on nineteenth-century authors.

Kopley, Richard, ed. PROSPECTS FOR THE STUDY OF AMERICAN LITERATURE: A GUIDE FOR SCHOLARS AND STUDENTS. New York University Press, 1997. xiv + 347 pp. $17.95 paper, $55.00 cloth.

Ousby, Ian. CAMBRIDGE GUIDE TO FICTION IN ENGLISH. Cambridge University Press, 1998. 332 pp. $44.95 cloth, $18.95 paper.

This bibliography offers citations concerning authors, single works, genres, and movements. An adequate introduction provides the author’s method, as well as some general remarks on the novel itself. The citations are gathered from many contributors and reviewed by other consultants. All fiction in English is represented, from Britain, the United States, Canada, the Caribbean, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Africa, and India. The term “fiction” as used here refers largely to the novel but includes its other genres and forms, as...

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