Although the efficacy of democracy assistance (DA) has long been the subject of critical debate, there have been few systematic efforts to evaluate the impact of this complex form of foreign aid. How and why has such assistance helped recipients and the organizations that they lead in their efforts to advance democratization in their respective countries? What are the greatest strengths of DA? What are its principal shortcomings? What about the personnel of the international donor agencies and NGOs that provide DA? Are they competent in their dealings with recipients? How knowledgeable are they about the countries in which they work? And most important, what has been the overall impact of DA, both for the individual recipient organizations and at the societal level?