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Reviews193 interdisciplinary tradition that continues today in the research on human antiquity. The intellectual history that Van Riper so persuasively recounts in Men Among the Mammoths valuably complements die more familiar sources on the impact of Darwin's ideas on Victorian thought. The author also reinforces recent works that examine the ways in which scientific thinking became incorporated into die Victorian world view and scientists became prominent professionals. By concentrating exclusively on changes widiin Britain, Van Riper seems to downplay comparable issues and trends engaging the scientific communities of Europe and die United States, but he offers the acceptable defense that British thinkers sparked die rethinking on human antiquity. Van Riper's book is further enhanced by die concern given to production values. A volume in Chicago's "Science and Its Conceptual Foundations" series, it provides full footnotes, a useful bibliography, an index, helpful illustrations, two appendices summarizing Van Riper's review of die periodical literature, and die well chosen "Monkeyana", published in Punch in 1861, as a frontispiece. This informative and stimulating book is highly recommended. SUSAN H. FARNSWORTH Trinity College, Washington, D.C. Carl Ballstadt, Elizabetíi Hopkins and Michael Peterman. Letters of Love and Duty: The Correspondence of Susanna and John Moodie. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1993. xi + 360. $35.00 CDN. As die editors of this remarkable collection of letters by Susanna and John Moodie state in their preface, die compilation was prompted by die discovery of seventeen previously unknown letters written by Susanna Moodie which were donated to the National Library by a descendant in 1987. These and a variety of other archival letters, written to each other, to tiieir children, and to officials, editors, and friends, were garnered to gedier in order to tell, in an immediate and intimate form, die "fuller story" (xi) of one nineteenth-century English emigrant family, and also to enrich the available biography of Canada's most famous female pioneer. Like the earlier collection of letters edited by Ballstadt, Hopkins and Peterman, Susanna Moodie: Letters of a Lifetime (1985), the documents here are divided chronologically and thematically into six 194Victorian Review sections corresponding to significant periods in the lives of the Moodies: their courtship and emigration, John's service on die Niagara frontier, Susanna's management of die family farm during John's absence, John's political troubles, the couple's interest in spiritualism, and John's final years followed by Susanna's widowhood. Foregrounding each section is a thorough introduction which, together with generous footnotes, provides considerable biographical and historical background information, and lends continuity to fifty-five years worth of correspondence. Of great literary interest are Susanna's letters written to her husband in 1839 while he served as a military paymaster some eighty kilometres away from their backwoods farm. As die editors emphasize, diese letters contain innumerable connections to specific chapters of her semiautobiographical setdement narrative, Roughing It in the Bush, and are rich in incidents, characters and impressions later transformed by her resourceful pen into poetry and sketches about her life in the bush. But all of the letters contribute to our understanding of the private act and the historical moment of emigration. The story which emerges in Letters ofLove and Duty is one of a Victorian English couple trying to come to terms with their colonial home, and of the place of literary love and literary labor in that reconciliation. Much of the history is related not by Susanna but in the sometimes enthusiastic, sometimes desperate, and very often affectionate voice of John Moodie. His petitions and protests, speculations and detailed schemes present an immediate firstperson view of the struggle for success and a comfortable life in the uncertain political and economic wilderness of mid-nineteenth-century Canada. The relationship unveiled by these letters was very much a love partnership. Nowhere is the intimacy between them more charmingly displayed than in an anniversary dream Susanna relates to John. I dreamt you returned last night, and I was so glad, but you pushed me away, and said you had taken a vow of celebacy and meant to live alone, and I burst into such fits of laughing that I awoke. (141) Not wholly relieved...


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