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Commercial Seattle AIJlHUT h. KKKJIAN University of Washington, St-NiItIe, Washington The city should be regarded as a social organism adjusted to its natural environment. Its form and function represent specific phases of such adjustments. Cities are devices employed by society to provide subsistence for a larger population than can be cared for by rural activities. Since cities are collective units of human beings, they surficially possess in collection form many of the traits which characterize the individual humans making up the urban group. But a city is not merely an ao;glomeration of humans, it is an entity separate and distinct from the members composing the city. Seattle has developed from a pioneer hamlet into a city of 400,000 people within the short period of some seventy-five years. Seattle, or any city, must be viewed as the culminating result of the environmental elements acting upon human adjustments. The intrinsic values of many sites are obvious upon first inspection ; others reveal their inherent importance only under the differential stress of long continued competitive selection. This latter appears to have been true in the case of Seattle's site. Although the Puget Sound Region was one of the last littorals of the United States to be settled by the American people, it is obviously one which is highly favorable for human occupancy. The first pioneers who settled at Alki Point inaugurated a commercial type of adjustment in Seattle. Nature provided products which could be exported and the pioieers were able to export a cargo of logs within a few weeks after they arrived at Alki Point. Lumber, logs and fish were the only products exported for i considerable period of time. Since these settlers had been engaged in commerce before they came to the Puget Sound country, it was natural that they should continue this activity, particularly when they found a ready sale for their initial shipments of timber. Seattle today is primarly an exporting port. An analysis of exports from Seattle for the past ten years shows that the commodities wheat, fruit, lumber, and fish are the four important products exported . There is no commodity which ranks a close fifth. The countries which stand high as receivers of these products are China, Hongkong, Japan, Philippines, Australia, New Zealand, Germany, Netherlands, France, England, Peru, and Canada. On the other hand the chief imports to Seattle come from a few countries. These are Canada, Japan , China, Philippines, and a few scattered countries with small percentages . The leading imports are coal, lumber, paper, fish, silk, vegetable fibers, and a few minerals. Seattle's domestic trade is confined largely to the State of Washington and the areas immediately surrounding the State. (2.",) ...


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