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Taiwan’s eventful recent history shaped four coherent political generations, which will be called Colonial, Authoritarian, Transitional, and Democratic. The pattern of views toward identity, politics and cross-Strait relations differs significantly from one generation to the next. Two trends are particularly important: the younger generations include higher percentages who view themselves as Taiwanese, not Chinese. At the same time, however, the youngest generation—the age group that grew to political consciousness in a fully-democratic Taiwan that enjoyed open and positive relations with the Mainland—is more open to economic and other interactions with the PRC than its seniors.