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168BOOK REVIEWS The Christology of Zeno of Verona. By Rev. Martin F. Stepanich, O.F.M., S.T.L. The Catholic University of America Studies in Sacred Theology. Second series, No. 9. Washington, D.C: Catholic University of America Press, 1948. Pp. 68. Father Stepanich's dissertation is a worthwhile contribution to the studies of the Fathers. St. Zeno, though he is one of the minor Latin Fathers, nevertheless holds a place of importance among the Latin ancient Christian waters, because his Tractatus are the oldest specimens of sermons of the Latin Church, and because they are written in elegant style. Moreover, he is thought to have influenced the liturgy of the West. But most of all, his doctrine on the nature of the Second Person of the Blessed Trinity, though not quite as clearly voiced in some points as by the great opponents of the Arians, is nevertheless an improvement on his sources, Tertullian, Lactantius, and Novatian. The author begins with an introduction that treats of the life of St. Zeno, of the authenticity and editions of the Tractatus, of the sources and style. The Tractatus are ninety-three sermons. The sixteen of the first book are chiefly on moral topics, the seventy-seven of the second book are doctrinal and exegetical. Most of them are short; some are mere fragments of sketches. Some are short talks given to candidates for baptism. Father Stepanich's dissertation originally contained five chapters: 1) On the Trinity, 2) On the eternal divine coequality of the Son of God, 3) On the generation of the Son, 4) On the Incarnate Christ, 5) On soteriology . Only the third chapter is printed in full; the others are summarized at the end. Thus the third chapter begins rather abruptly. I should like to have seen the summary of the first two chapters printed before the third chapter. A conclusion to the whole book would be appreciated too. The third chapter is by tar the most important section of the dissertation . In it Father Stepanich proceeds in scholarly fashion to exegetize the texts of St. Zeno and evaluate the solutions of other authors in regard to the seeming contradictions of Zeno's Christology. His method rightly includes a comparative study of Zeno's predecessors and contemporaries . Father's own solutions are quite satisfactory. He thinks that Zeno considered the Son as merely conceived from all eternity but born in BOOK REVIEWS169 time through creation and the Incarnation. But I wonder whether it cannot be said that some of the Fathers looked upon birth more from the viewpoint of material births as an external manifestation. For Zeno, then, the manifestation of the Son through creation and the Incarnation would be a more complete birth. But that does not mean that he would deny that the Son was born in some fashion from the Father within the Trinity eternally. He was Son eternally; that obviously implies some kind of birth; a conception is something temporal, not eternal. At any rate Zeno had the correct idea, even though he might have hesitated to speak of the birth of the Son within the Trinity. The expression "incarnate Christ" (pp. V and 62) does not seem too happy. The name "Christ" does not belong to the pre-existent Word. Though Christ as God pre-existed the Incarnation, there never was a nonincarnate Christ. "Christ" is peculiar to the God-Man as such. In the copious footnotes the author betrays genuine scholarship and painstaking consultation of the best literature on the varied subjects that need to be treated in a study of this nature. We can only wish that the other four chapters had been printed in full. You would then want this book still more as part of your collection of patristic studies. DOMINIC J. UNGER, O.F.M. CAP. Capuchin Monastery, Washington, D.C. L'Église Canadienne Glorifie S. Antoine de Padoue. Le Des.1îut Evangelique . Edited by Rev. P. Ferdinand Coiteux, O.F.M. Montreal, Canada: Editions Franciscaines, 1947. When on January 16, 1946 St. Anthony of Padua was declared a Doctor of the Church by the present gloriously reigning Pope Pius XII all nations of the world not...


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