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212BOOK REVIEWS Despite the fact that the author's conclusions or opinions proceed from premises that are neither acknowledged by Catholic scholars nor acceptable to them, his work reveals many points of contact, if not complete agreement, with the Catholic doctrine on the Mystical Body of Christ. Yet he visibly shies away from this term. Obviously the author has studied his sources and all available literature very diligendy, as witness a copious bibliography appended to the book and numberless references and footnotes throughout the work. He is aware of the problems that confront him and attacks his task after painstaking philological and exegetical investigation. On this score, the reviewer commends the method of the author and acknowledges the scholarly nature of his work. Antonine DeGuglielmo, O.F.M. Mt. Alvernia Seminary, Wappingers Falls, N. Y. VOrientamento Professionale dei Giovani neue Scuole. By Agostino Gemelli, O.F.M. VITA E PENSIERO, 2d revised edition, Vol. XIX. Milan, Italy: Pubblic. Univ. Cattol. del S. Cuore, 1947. Pp. viü-H85. This study of the eminent psychologist of the Catholic University at Milan deals with the questions of "vocational guidance" in schools. Although considering primarily problems arising within the scholastic institutions and the economic situations in Italy, it is of interest to everyone concerned with these things, because of the broad psychological foundation, the clarity of criticism, and the wide experience of the author. Vocational guidance is desirable in view of individual differences, the gradual stabilization of habits, and the existence of relatively determining psychological laws. Guidance is to be based on the co-operation of school, physician, psychologist, and the family, and has to consider the total personality, not only scholastic achievement . The respective functions of the persons concerned are defined. Guidance is not limited to one or a few examinations or tests; it ought to continue throughout the scholastic years and beyond. Nor do the tests exhaust the meaning of guidance which has to be stricdy an educational activity, taking account of the whole personality, aptitudes , interests, inclinations, character. Continuous observation is, at least, as important as are tests. Since it is not always feasible that inclinations, aptitudes, and profession be perfectly harmonized, one needs beyond "vocational" a good deal of spiritual guidance, to enable a man that he withstand eventually the unpleasantness and burden of a not satisfactory occupation. The various fields, educational, medical, psychological, the methods of testing, observation and coun- BOOK REVIEWS213 seling are described in the fourteen chapters. Appended are notes on specifically Italian problems, on the form for medical examination, on the technique of compiling a scholastic form for guidance, and more than eight pages of bibliography, comprising works and articles not only published in Italy, but in America, England, France, Germany , too. The well-balanced presentation of the questions involved makes this book particularly valuable. One welcomes especially the reference to the necessity that man be considered in his totality, including not only his psycho-physical but also his spiritual nature. Rudolf Allers. Catholic University of America, Washington, D. C. Historia de las cosas más notables, ritos y costumbres del gran Reino de la China. By P. Juan González de Mendoza, O.S.À. Edition, introduction and notes by P. Felix Garcia, O.S.A. Collection España Misionera, Vol. II. Madrid: M. Aguilar, 1944. Pp. LII +396. This volume is a new, handy edition of a famous book on China, of a book which was the first comprehensive treatment of the country and the customs of the unknown Middle Kingdom. From the Franciscan standpoint, it is interesting because it spread the news of the missionary journeys of the Franciscans, Pedro de Alfaro (1579) and Martin Ignacio (1581) and their companions, in a few years all over the Western world. Juan González de Mendoza (1545-1618), its author, was a native of Torrecilla de Cameros in Spain, and went as a lad of eighteen to Mexico, where he soon joined the Augustinian order and began to study for the priesthood. Like many of his contemporaries, he developed a great interest in the mission prospects of the Far East. Through his monastery in Mexico many a famous traveler passed on his way to or from...


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