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222FRANCISCAN STUDIES members still struggle through the lower levels of prayer and who, being still quite susceptible to illusion, easily forget that mysticism without asceticism is like faith without good works. Cyprian J. Lynch, O. F. M. The Academy of American Franciscan History Washington, D. C. La nature de la théologie d'après Melchior Cano, by Eugène Marcotte, O.M.J. (Universitas catholica Ottaviensis, Dissertationes — Series theologica, n. 2), Ottawa, 1949; 217 pp. The present work is composed of five chapters and a conclusion, aU of which are based on the famous De locis theologicis oí Melchior Cano, O. P. In these chapters are respectively treated 1. Cano and the theologians of his time; 2. Theology in general; 3. the principles of Theology; 4. the theological conclusion ; and 5. the practical procedure of a theologian at work. In the conclusion , the author draws a picture of the "perfect theologian". To the best of his abilities — which are many — Fr. Marcotte analyzes the main work of Melchior Cano with the fairness of a beginner. The fundamental mistake oft he dissertation is not to ascribed to be him so much as to those who suggested this as a topic for a thesis. Obviously, the author did not have the background to work out a satisfactory and acceptable treatment. Such a work as attempted can be adequately handled only by a scholar who, after many years of preparation has first hand information 1. on the time of Cano; 2. on F. Victoria, the master of Cano; 3. on the scholastic theological method from the Twelfth to the Sixteenth Century; and 4. in so far as claims are made that Theology from the time of the first edition of the De locis theologicis (1563) till our days is entirely conditioned by the work of Cano, on the theological method from the Sixteenth Century till the present time. Since Fr. Marcotte did not have — and could not have — that background, he repeats the prejudices of one particular school of thought. In line with this restricted perspective, there are reviewed certain opinions on the theological method of Saint Thomas Aquinas, the only Scholastic, outside of Cano, who is mentioned favorably. Clearly, Fr. Marcotte fails to appreciate that Cano, though referring very often to Saint Thomas, de facto depends frequently on such "theologians of decadence" as Scotus and Ockham, scholastics who had a greater baggage of critical ideas on sound theological method and Fundamental Theology than any of their predecessors. Fr. Marcotte even fails to percieve a certain evolution which took place in Cano's theological conceptions, although he realizes that the De locis theologicis had been written over a period of years and with frequent interruptions. A minor fault of the work stems from Marcotte's quite exceptional and conscious qualities as a writer. EspeciaUy in the introductory pages he is carried away by the beauty of his expressions, forgetting that the exactness of the idea is still more important than a nicely flowing phraseology. E. M. BUYTAERT, O. F. M. Franciscan Institute ...


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