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THE PLURALITY OF FORMS ACCORDING TO PETRUS DE TRABIBUS O. F. M. PART I: CRITICAL EDITION OF THE TEXTS Petras de Trabibus belongs to the school of Peter John Olivi.1 Since there has been a lot of discussion concerning Olivi's doctrine of the soul, especially his doctrine of information, the pertinent texts of Petrus de Trabibus are able to shed some light on the opinion of the school, for Petrus de Trabibus, unlike his supposed master Olivi, clearly states his opinions. He deals with the problem of the soul, and of the plurality or unicity of forms, in different places. Here we wish to publish four questions from the third distinction of the first book of his Commentary on the Sentences. This third distinction has sixteen questions, which are grouped in three parts and five articles, as follows.2 PARS I. : De cognitione Dei per creaturas Articulus i. : De cognoscibilitate Dei ex parte subiecti Quaestio i. : Utrum creatura in aliquo statu possit Deum cognoscere. Quaestio 2. : Utrum aliqua cognitio sit innata sive naturaliter sit impressa menti rationali. Quaestio 3. : Utrum Deum esse sit cognitum menti humanae. Quaestio 4. : Utrum Deus in essentia mediante specie aliqua videatur. Articulus 2.: De cognoscibilitate Dei ex parte medii Quaestio 1. : Utrum Deus sit cognoscibilis per creaturas. Quaestio 2. : Utrum cognitio Dei per creaturas conveniat homini secundum omnem statum, scilicet innocentiae, miseriae, et gloriae. 1 For a historical and general appreciation of Petrus de Trabibus cf. my dissertation: Hildebert Alois Huning, "Die Stellung des Petrus de Trabibus zur Philosophie" in Franziskanische Studien 46 (1964) 193—286; 47 (1965) 1—43. A separate print of these two articles (published under the same title by: Dietrich-Coelde-Verlag, Werl 1965) contains an additional bibliography of ten pages. To this bibliography we have to add an article by L. Hödl, "Anima forma corporis" in Theologie und Philosophie 41 (1966) 536—556. 2 The first eight questions of this distinction have been published by A. Di Noto, La théologie naturelle de Pierre de Trabibus O.F.M., Padova 1963, 67—III. 138HILDEBERT A. HUNING, O. F. M. Articulus 3. : De cognoscibilitate Dei ex parte obiecti Quaestio 1. : Quid sit de Deo cognoscibile per creaturas. Quaestio 2. : Utrum lux aeterna sit intellectui creato ratio cognoscendi . PARS IL: Articulus unicus: De ratione vestigii Quaestio 1. : Utrum vestigium sit in omni creatura. Quaestio 2. : Utrum conditiones istae in quibus attenditur ratio vestigii addant ad rem cuius sunt vestigium aut ad invicem naturam aliam vel qualitatem absolutam. PARS III.: Articulus unicus: De duplici assignatione imaginis Quaestio 1. : Utrum aliqua creatura possit esse Dei imago. Quaestio 2. : Utrum ratio imaginis consistât in his tribus potentiis, scilicet memoria, intelligentia, et volúntate. Quaestio 3. : Utrum in una re et eadem possint esse plures substantiates formae. Quaestio 4. : Utrum tres potentiae praedictae sint animae accidentales vel substantiales. Quaestio 5. : Utrum praedictae potentiae, scilicet memoria, intelligentia , et voluntas sint secundum substantiam diversae. Quaestio 6. : Utrum mens, notitia, et amor sint potentiae vel habitus. The last four questions of this distinction, which are published here, are found in Ms. 154 of the Biblioteca Comunale ofAssisi, fol. 24rb—3orb ; this is the only existing manuscript containing the commentary of Petrus de Trabibus on the first book of the Sentences.3 In the verification of sources, I have tried to indicate the place of the sometimes rather vague quotations as precisely as possible. Thus, I hope, it will not be too difficult to check them, even if a different edition is used (for all texts contained in the Migne-Edition of "Patrologiae Cursus Completus" — PL = Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Latina; PG = Patrologiae Cursus Completus. Series Graeca — I have only used this edition, without giving the reference to the latest critical edition). The foUowing edition of the texts wül be the first part of this contribution , the second part of which will be a critical study of these texts. 3 For a detailed description of the manuscript cf. Hildebert Alois Huning, "Die Stellung des Petrus de Trabibus zur Philosophie" in Franziskanische Studien 46 (1964) 208 sq. Plurality of Forms in Petrus de Trabibus139 This critical study will also take into account other texts of Petrus...


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