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THE THEORY OF ASSERTORIC CONSEQUENCES IN ALBERT OF SAXONY INTRODUCTION Albert of Saxony (Albertus de Saxonia) is also known as Albert of Ricmestorp,Albert ofHelmstedt,Albertutius, Albertucius,andAlbertus Parvus, the last three names obviously intended to distinguish him from St. Albert the Great. Albert of Saxony was born in Ricmestorp a town of Lower Saxony in the diocese of Halberstadt, or in Helmstedt in Lower Saxony also and near Halberstadt. The year of his birth is unknown , but c. 1316 is given as a probable date. It is likely that he began his higher studies at the University of Prague, but then he transferred to the University of Paris where he obtained his licentiate in 1351, and the same year he had his inaugural lecture as Magister. Albert continued his teaching career at Paris, held several offices in the Natío Anglicana and was the rector of the University in 1353. The last record concerning Albert's residence in Paris is found in the Liber procuratorum Nationis Anglicanae November 3, 1362. Afterwards, Albert took an active part in the foundation of the University of Vienna, of which he became the first rector in 1365. He and Marsilius of Inghen, the first rector of the University of Heidelberg (1386), were two great pupils of master John Buridan and theUniversity ofParis; they both contributed to the spread of Parisian science and nominalism throughout central Europe. After a short time Albert left Vienna, and in 1366 he was appointed to the episcopal see of Halberstadt, which he occupied for twenty-four years until the end of his life in July 8, 1390, when he died in bona senectute. It is most probable that Albert was a secular and not a religious priest, although he has been claimed for their respective orders by Franciscans, Dominicans, and above all by Augustinian Hermits. Albert's doctrinal activities extended to logic, philosophy of nature, moral philosophy, and mathematics. In logic he was a follower of the ockhamistic movement , and in his commentaries on Aristotle's writings on philosophy of nature he follows and develops the new trends of mechanics and physics. Here we are interested only in his logical works, which we shall enumerate .1 1 The main sources of the life of Albert of Saxony are: E. Apgalter, Scriptores antiquissimi ac celeberrimi Universitatis Viennensis ordine chrono290 Assertoric Consequences in Albert of Saxony291 1)Quaestiones super artem veterem, Bologna, 1496. This work was published together with Ockham's Expositio aurea . . . super artem veterem. There are no known manuscripts. 2)Quaestiones super libros posteriorum. Editions : Venice, 1497; Milan, 1497. Manuscripts: Avranches, Munie, 227. Cracow, Jagiellon, 736, f. 1—50 (14—15c). Padua, S. Antonio, 397, 116pp. (15c, incomplete). Stettin, Bibl. d. Marienstifts-Gymnasiums, 5, f. 230—239. 3)Lógica. Edition: Perutilis lógica, Venice, 1522. Manuscripts: Allegany (New York), Franciscan Institute, 9, f. ira—32 vb (14c, incomplete). Assisi, Comm., 291, f. 1—50 (15 c). Barcelona, Ripoll (Garcia), 84, f. 1—20 (1373). lógico propositi, Pars prima 1357—1464 (Vienna, 1740); J. Aschbach, Geschichte der Wiener Universität, vol. ? (Vienna, 1865) ; H. Denifle and Ae. Châtelain , Chartularium Universitatis Parisiensis, vol.3 (Paris, 1894); Auctarium chartularii Universitatis Parisiensis, Liber procuratorum Nationis Anglicanae, vol. 1 (Paris, 1894); C. Dolenz, Scriptores Universitatis Viennensis ordine chronologico propositi ab anno 1365 ad annum 1541 (Vienna, 1741); C.E. Du Boulay, Historia Universitatis Parisiensis, vol.4 (Paris, 1668); D.A. Gandolfo, Dissertatio histórica de ducentis celeberrimis augustinianis scriptoribus (Rome, 1704); J. F. Ossinger, Bibliotheca augustiniana (Ingolstadt , 1768); J. Quétif and J. Echard, Scriptores Ordinis Praedicatorum, vol. ? (Paris, 1719). We have based our brief outline of the life of Albert mainly in the following works: A. Dyroff, Über Albertus von Sachsen (Beitr äge zur Geschichte der Philosophie des Mittelalters ; Baeumker-Festgabe ; Supplementband; Münster i. W., 1913); G. Heidingsfelder, Albert von Sachsen, Sein Lebensgang und sein Kommentar zur Nikomachischen Ethik des Aristoteles (Beiträge zur Geschichte der Philosophie und Theologie des Mittelalters, vol. 22, Münster i. W., 1927); M. Jullien, "Albert de Saxe, Un scholastique de la décadence," Revue Augustinienne, vol. 16 (January-June, 1910), 26—40. Cfr. also: Ph. Boehner and E. Gilson, Christliche Philosophie, Von...


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