This paper describes an exploratory study investigating the impact of problem-based learning and clicker technology as active learning strategies at the American University of Sharjah Library, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Studies compared traditional and active learning classes. The present article maps the successes and challenges of these unique classroom encounters, and through correlation of findings from a broader educational context, considers the impact of these teaching strategies on student performance in the library instruction environment. Results provide insight into the potential and implications of active learning strategies as a means of engaging students in the learning process and the inherent difficulties associated with measuring impact on student learning. Future studies should consider other variables affecting student learning including student motivation, engagement, and learning styles, and consider a range of alternate assessment models from the education field.