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484 LANGUAGE, VOLUME 76, NUMBER 2 (2000) part of a bilingual dictionary. This work gives social scientists another valuable look into Cree culture. [Dave Pruett, Texas A&M University.] Certamen phonologicum III: Papers from the third Cortona phonology meeting , April 1996. Ed. by Pier Marco Bertinetto, Livio Gaeta, Georgi Jetchev , and David Michaels. Torino: Rosenberg & Sellier, 1997. Pp. 291. The editors state in the foreword that the purpose of the Cortona phonology meeting 'is to bring together people with diverse views on phonology', and the goal of diversity is certainly reflected in the contents of the book. The theoretical frameworks adopted in the thirteen articles include feature geometry , moraic phonology, experimental phonology, government phonology, optimality theory (OT), lexical phonology, and a model of poetic meter. The range oflanguages studied isjust as vast and includes Tagale (Chadic), Maltese, Korean, as well as Germanic languages, Slavic languages, and Romance languages, with heavy emphasis on Italo-Romance. The authors come from all over the world—South Korea, Australia, U.S., Canada, Great Britain, Denmark , The Netherlands, France, Germany, Switzerland —but all of the articles are written in English. The fact that none of the authors hails from an Italian university confirms the nonprovincial nature of the meeting. The editors do not state if these articles represent the totality of the papers presented at the meeting nor the type ofreview and selection process they were subject to; however, many of the authors thank anonymous reviewers for their comments. The papers are grouped into three categories: 'General issues' (four articles), 'Prosodie theory' (three articles), and 'Italian dialects andphonological theory' (six articles). However, the categorization of the articles seems to be somewhat random. For example , it is not clear why Tobias Scheer's article on 'Vowel-zero alternations and their support for a theory of consonantal interaction' is in the 'General issues ' section rather than the 'Prosodie theory' section, and Michèle Loporcaro's article, 'On vowel epenthesis in Alguer Catalan', is in the 'Italian dialects and phonological theory' section rather than the 'Prosodie theory' section—presumably because this variety of Catalan is spoken in Sardinia. Furthermore , the separation of articles into either the 'General issues'/'Prosodic theory' sections or the 'Italian dialects and phonological theory' section erroneously suggests that some articles are primarily of empirical interest and others focus on theoretical issues . However, nearly all ofthe articles are ofinterest from both an empirical and a theoretical perspective. The syllable was the focus of attention in nine papers scattered in each of the three sections. Hans Basb0ll provides a study of Danish schwa and suggests a new model of the 'sonority syllable'. Scheer analyzes vowel-zero alternations within a government phonology framework. Caroline Féry's paper on the role of the mora in German contains her analysis of German stress within the framework of OT. Stephan Schmid provides ? typological view of syllable structure in some Italian dialects'. He convincingly argues that isochrony is really a group of factors which includes syllable structure, sonority hierarchy , and segmental structure, and that the syllable -timed vs. stress-timed distinction is really a continuum of syllable complexity along which languages may be organized. Edward F. Tuttle's detailed study ofmetathesis suggests that the motivation behind this process is the preference for open syllables and simple onsets in atonic syllables. Mirco Ghini analyzes the relationship between segmental and prosodie processes in Ligurian (for example, vowel lengthening and nasal contrasts) and argues for the recognition of rhymes as prosodie constituents . Michael L. Mazzola claims that stress in Latin is lexical and has remained so in Italian. Two other papers in this section look at syllabification between words. Matthew Absalom and Tohn Hajek conclude that moraic analyses of raddoppiamentofonosintattico are not adequate and instead propose an OT analysis of the facts. Loporcaro shows that certain sandhi rules in Catalan dialects must be ordered in relation to each other and concludes that one cannot dispense with rules from phonological theory. The other four papers in the volume do not focus on syllable structure. In one paper on features Tudith M. Broadbent reanalyzes Elizabeth Hume's study of Maltese and concludes that Maltese does not provide a clear case of coronal consonants and front vowels forming...


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