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482 LANGUAGE, VOLUME 76, NUMBER 2 (2000) Fregean approach by distinguishing the property of reflexivity from indexicality and applying the former to proper names that are not indexicals. 'Tensed thoughts' by Tames Higginbotham criticizes Kaplan's theory of demonstratives for not incorporating the content ofrules ofuse into reflexive mental states as in certain expressions involving the time of the mental state. 'First-person propositions: A Fregean approach' by Wolfgang Kunne explains what the Fregean sense in the predicate 'has blood type A' is in the speaker's utterance ? have blood type A'. Christopher Peacocke, in 'First-person reference, representational independence, and self-knowledge', aims to identify features of some first-person thoughts using a concept of representational independence . In "The logic of indexical thoughts and the metaphysics of the "self ' Albert Newen proposes a formal representation of '!'-sentences. In 'The addressing puzzle' Thomas Zimmermann asks whether there is a semantic distinction in formal and informal modes of addressing pronouns and gives an affirmative answer. 'The mechanics of the counterpart relation' by Hans Zeevat presents a view that language transfers representations and reference and that some counterpart relation is needed in identification , and in belief ascription. In 'Names, indexicals, and identity,' Ernesto Napoli aims at explaining why proper names are not 'dictionary entries'. In Part 2 ('Attitude reports'), Pierre Tacob discusses ('Frege's puzzle and belief ascriptions') hidden indexicals and Millian theory of Frege's puzzle. Stephen Schiffer continues on these themes in 'Descriptions , indexicals, and belief reports: Some dilemmas (but not the ones you expect)' by criticizing hidden indexicals, whereas Martin Anduschus in 'Variations of Sinn' argues for them. In 'Would you believe if? On the anaphoric specification of attitude content' Rainer Bauerle considers the anaphoric use of personal pronouns in attitude contexts, and in 'Belief reports and speech reports' Graeme Forbes discusses the cases where indirect speech reports give rise to the same referential opacity as with propositional attitudes. Part 3 deals with natural kind terms and color terms. Ulrike Haas-Spohn, in "The context dependency of natural kind terms', investigates whether indexicality applies to natural kind terms. Wolfgang Spohn, in 'The character ofcolor terms: A materialistic view' develops the themes of contextuality with reference to materialistically conceived color terms; MARnNE Nida-Rümelin picks up on this in 'The character of color terms: A phenomenalist view' and argues that within the same semantic framework one can develop an alternative phenomenalist interpretation of color sensations This book is on a variety of topics and fairly diverse perspectives; one of its virtues is that it does not, as a whole, lapse into pseudodox of "The new theory of reference," and even in the cases where it might to do so, there is much useful information on linguistic aspects of directly referential terms. [Ahti Pietarinen, University of Sussex.] Reverse English dictionary: Based on phonological and morphological principles . By Gustav Muthmann. (Topics in English linguistics 29.) Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter, 1999. Pp. xxiv, 482. $124.00. Apart from telephone directories, reverse dictionaries are the most boring books to read. They list words according to their spelling from right to left, thus concentrating on purely formal properties of the entries. However, they can be quite useful for people interested in just these properties, e.g. phonologists and morphologists. The purpose of reverse listing is 'to reveal relations between words with regard to their formation, their suffixes, theirfinal spelling and sound clusters' (i). The dictionary under review differs remarkably from its forerunners, such as Martin Lehnen's widely-used Rückläufiges Wörterbuch der Englischen Gegenwartssprache (Leipzig: VEB Verlag Enzyklopädie, 1971) in that it does not list the words in strictly orthographical order but groups them according to their pronunciation or morphology . For example, if one is interested in words with the suffix -ion, the pertinent words are found in one subsection, with no nonpertinent words intervening. Thus, words ending in the same string of letters, such as lion, are found in a different subsection and do not spoil the list of words whose final string ion represents a suffix. Needless to say, this is extremely practical. The dictionary begins with an introduction explaining the organizational principles. The following main part...


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