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152LANGUAGE, VOLUME 75, NUMBER 1 (1999) Grimes, Joseph E. 1964. Huichol syntax. London, The Hague & Paris: Mouton. Hawkins, Bruce. 1984. The semantics ofEnglish spatial prepositions. La Jolla, CA: University ofCalifornia, San Diego dissertation. Holmqvist, Kenneth. 1993. Implementing cognitive semantics. Lund University cognitive studies 17. Lund, Sweden: Lund University Department of Cognitive Science. Malotki, Ekkehart. 1979. Hopi Raum: Eine sprachwissenschaftliche Analyse der Raumvorstellung in der Hopi-Sprache. Tübingen: Gunter Narr Verlag. -----. 1983. Hopi time. Trends in linguistics: Studies and monographs 20. Amsterdam: Mouton. Radden, Günter. 1996. Motion metaphorized: The case of coming and going. Cognitive linguistics in the Redwoods: The expansion of a new paradigm, ed. by Eugene M. Casad, 423-58. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Smith, Michael B. 1987. The semantics of dative and accusative in German: An investigation in cognitive grammar. La Jolla, CA: University of California, San Diego dissertation. -----. 1993. Cases as conceptual categories: Evidence from German. Conceptualizations and mental processing in language, ed. by Richard A. Geiger and Brygida Rudzka-Ostyn, 531-65. Berlin & New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Talmy, Leonard. 1972. Semantic structures in English and Atsugewi. Berkeley, CA: University ofCalifornia dissertation. -----. 1975. The syntax and semantics ofmotion. Syntax and semantics, vol. 4, ed. by John Kimball, 181-238. New York: Academic Press. Summer Institute of Linguistics PO Box 8987 CRB Catalina, AZ 85738 [] The handbook ofphonetic sciences. Ed. by William J. Hardcastle and John Laver. Oxford: Blackwell, 1997. Pp. vii, 904. Reviewed by Frances Ingemann, University ofKansas This is not for the beginning student of phonetics or the casual reader. For the most part, it is a technically-written survey for those with some expertise in experimental phonetics who want information on the state of the art and discussions of current developments. As such, it is a worthy successor to the earlier Manual ofphonetics (Kaiser 1957, 1st edn.; Malmberg 1968, 2nd edn.). Like the manuals, it covers various aspects ofphonetics in chapters written by distinguished phoneticians from around the world but, reflecting the advances in the field, it is one-third longer than the second manual. Although primarily of interest to phoneticians, it contains a wealth of information of value to any linguist or psycholinguist. The handbook is divided into five sections: 'Experimental phonetics', 'Biological perspectives ', 'Models ofspeech production and perception', 'Linguistic phonetics', and 'Speech technology '. It contains 26 chapters of approximately 30 pages each as well as nearly 100 pages of references and an index. The articles are well-written, and the numerous figures to illustrate technical points and copious references to pertinent publications provide a helpful starting point for anyone wanting to learn more about particular areas of phonetics. Through frequent crossreferencing , the editors have done an excellent job of dealing with overlaps in subject matter. The 'Experimental phonetics' section begins with 'Laboratory techniques for investigating speech articulation' (1 1-32) by Maureen Stone, a clear overview of current methods for determining how the articulators move in the production of speech sounds. There is information as to what can be learned about speech using each method as well as the pros and cons of using each. 'The aerodynamics of speech' (33-64) by Christine H. Shadle is a highly technical description of how movements of air are converted into sound in the vocal tract. 'Acoustic phonetics' (65-115) by Osamu Fujimura and Donna Erickson contains a concise description REVIEWS153 of spectrographic correlates of speech sounds accompanied by illustrative spectrograms. There is also a discussion of syllable organization and the usefulness of units larger than the phoneme for speech recognition and synthesis. 'Investigating the physiology of laryngeal structures' (1 16-36) by Hajime Hirose is a competent review of research techniques for investigating the role of the larynx in speech production and some of what has been learned through such methods regarding voicing, aspiration, and pitch control. Unfortunately, no descriptions are provided for types of phonation and laryngeal air stream mechanisms that play a significant role in a number of languages. 'Linguistic phonetic fieldwork' (137-66) by Peter Ladefoged is a very readable account of how phonetic research can be done in the field even in remote areas far from a laboratory. In addition to describing techniques involving portable specialized...


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