The events of May 1972 in Madagascar revealed the superficiality of the Independence proclaimed in 1960. The ruling party was formed by local elites, while political, social and cultural life in the Great Island was still strongly influenced by French power and its intervention through various cooperation agreements. The higher education system was a case in point. It was in the schools and universities that a nationalist movement had been born, then joined in support by the rest of the population. But the system was characterized by profound social, political and ethnic gaps which divided Malagasy society – gaps which were a legacy of colonial domination. Forms of rebellion and languages of mobilization in 1972 underline the effort to attain a real independence – one freed from all forms of neo-colonialism.


Les événements de mai 1972 à Madagascar révèlent le caractère inachevé de l’indépendance proclamée en 1960. Le parti au pouvoir est issu des élites coloniales tan-dis que la vie politique, sociale et cultu-relle de la Grande Île reste étroitement liée à l’in uence et à l’interventionnisme de la France à travers les accords de coo-pération, comme l’illustre la situation de l’enseignement supérieur. C’est dans les écoles et les universités que naît un mouvement de contestation, rejoint par le reste de la population, qui révèle la profondeur et le poids des divisions ethniques et sociales nées de la période coloniale. Les formes de la contestation et les langages de la mobilisation con_rment cet effort pour atteindre une vraie indépendance, débarrassée du néo-colonialisme.


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pp. 61-87
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