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BOOK REVIEWS159 elusive forms of social behavior (e.g., racial tolerance/violent discrimination)? Others might bristle at the exclusion of African-American perspectives and voices, charging that Parish Boundaries inadvertently repUcates the pattern of eUsion for which it asks CathoUcs to repent. (Clearly, McGreevy would be the first person to celebrate a careful study written about or from AfricanAmericans ' perspectives.) Nor wiU historians of gender be completely satisfied with the treatment of the agency and experiences of women—despite the fact that women reUgious play a prominent role Ui parts of the narrative. But when sociologists, historians, and theologians come to write their own books and articles on American reUgion, race, and community, they will find themselves deeply indebted to McGreevy's history of white ethnic (and postethnic ) Catholics Ln the urban North. It is a work bridging several fields. For, in Uluminating the ironies and complexities of white Catholic motivations, intentions , and outcomes in their specificity,Parish Boundaries invites a wide-ranging series of studies modeled on its own fruitful method of interdisciplinary historical research. R. Scott Appleby University ofNotre Dame Canadian The Oblate Assault on Canada's Northwest. By Robert Choquette. [ReUgions and Beliefs series, No. 3] . (Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press. 1995. Pp. xü, 258. Paperback.) Some readers wiU find Robert Choquette's history of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate in the Canadian Northwest to be irritating, as weU as interesting.The miUtary analogy he uses does not indicate the gender side of many Oblates. Instead he discusses their mission in terms of "conquerors," "white juggernaut," "strategic position." Choquette equates the bringing of the Gospel message to various miUtary coups. However, as the author writes concerning the efforts of the Oblates: Their apostolic methods were fundamentaUy determined by their CathoUc doctrine and theology, which in turn determined specific policies, methods , and tactics in relation to Indians, their evangeUzation, and their conversion to Christianity, (p.200) Choquette explores the CathoUc/Protestant missionary relationship, as both sides struggle to convert aboriginal peoples to the true religion ofJesus Christ in its nineteenth-century incarnation. His book also surveys the clash ofFrenchspeaking and EngUsh-speaking missionaries.As an author, Choquette seems like a juggler, trying to keep CathoUcs,AngUcans, Methodists, French Canadians, and English Canadian settlers balanced whUe in constant movement.The juggling author puts the baUs in motion by relying on the strength oftwo "foreign" arms: 160BOOK REVIEWS the ultramontane CathoUc energizer (centered in Rome) and the evangeUcal Protestant thrust from societies in England. Amid this divergence is the somewhat neutral Hudson's Bay Company.TotaUy lost, in my opinion, is the voice of the "conquered." Given the expanse of geography, poUtics, and time he covers, Choquette manages the juggling with few mishaps. Repetition, redundancy, and some errors are but annoying mosquito bites that distract readers foUowing the miUtary analogy. Today's students, though, might find the analogy and Choquette's analysis lacking in respect to Amerindians, as noted above. Furthermore, he gives short shrift to CathoUc sisterhoods who allied themselves with the Oblates to serve the peoples of the Northwest. His nominal acknowledgment of the Sisters in the text is compensated for, somewhat, by Ulustrations. Unfortunately, the Ulustrations only depict these women cutting fish, feeding chickens, or demurely sitting with staid settlers. Choquette's bibliography provides serious readers with possibiUties for deeper, more specific, studies. For example, the Sisters of Saint Ann preceded the Oblates at Dawson in theYukon in 1898.These women brought to the northwest missions decades of experience in education and health care in British Columbia and Alaska. Accounts of Oblate interaction with the various sisterhoods sharing mission experiences in the North would have added important nuances to Choquette's weU-documented story. AU in aU, Robert Choquette is to be commended for his contribution to the ReUgions and BeUefs series. His book does enlighten the reader about the organization and immensity of the project that, wiUy-nUly, forever now wiU be Ln my mind as the Oblate assault on Canada's Northwest. Margaret Cantwell, S.S.A. Victoria, British Columbia Latin American Liberals, the Church, and Indian Peasants: Corporate Lands and the Challenge of Reform in Nineteenth-Century Spanish America. Edited by Robert H. Jackson...


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