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BOOK REVIEWS143 Der Katholizismus—gesamtdeutsche Klammer in den Jahrzehnten der Teilung?Erinnerungen und Berichte. Edited by UUich von Hehl and Hans Günter Hockerts. (Paderborn: Ferdinand SchönUigh. 1996. Pp. 192. DM 28,paperback .) NormaUy, each analytical volume Ui the Kommission für Zeitgeschichte series has been pubUshed with a scholarly apparatus, but the nature of this book expiants why it is an exception.The contributors to this volume come from a variety of associations, and they discuss how the German Democratic RepubUc and the Federal Republic remained linked after World War ? through the Catholic Church. These fourteen essays describe in very personal ways how post-1945 Germans in both zones joUied with one another to co-operate in ecclesial concerns. These Catholics did not co-operate only on the basis of nationaUty but rather attempted to keep the Church free and strong. Reflecting the principle of subsidiarity so promüient in Catholic social theory, aU of the essays remind us that Ui complex dictatorial regimes a great deal of resistance can be established through personal contacts that struggle to sustain an identity on every level. ParadoxicaUy, then, maintaUiing theU CathoUc ties helped nurture both German nationalism and CathoUcism, which survived until the waU was torn down. The essays focus on such areas as the pastoral care ofyouth, the Caritas Associations , the work of German CathoUcs for the diaspora Church in the DDR, diocesan Urformation services, CathoUc Student Associations, and the role of the laity in both zones as they mteracted during these decades. PaulArfderbeck, for example, has analyzed how the Archdiocese of Paderborn was split into two parts, but stUl functioned as one ecclesial entity.Joseph Homeyer's essay on the poUtical and economic role of the Church in the divided Germany ofthe 1950's through the 1990's is particularly welcome, since he has suggested, although too briefly, the role ofpolitical theology in helpUig to structure the responses of the Church in the DDR. Homeyer has also poüited to a research Utitiative that could be profitably exploited, e a scholar could gam access to the sensitive materials that emerged when bishops from the Bundesrepublik met those from the DDR in Rome. Thee memoranda, diary entries, and summaries of discussions could reaUy expUcate how the bishops on a personal level attempted to shape poUtical, economic, and cultural policies, which could help the Church interact with the two German states. This coUection of essays serves to remind the reader of the many levels on which Catholics operated in the postwar period, and serves again to warn historians that any monocausal approach, when appUed to historical issues affecting the reUgious culture of CathoUcism,wiU not provide an adequate picture of IUe in the Church. Particularly crucial at the end of this century is the fact that the bizonal Church came to a sensitive understanding of diaspora and refugee 144BOOK REVIEWS experiences,which could help serve to meet the needs of CathoUcs working Ui war-torn areas around the world today. Donald J. Dietrich Boston College American The Spanish Missions ofLa Florida. Edited by Bonnie G. McEwan. (Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 1993. Pp. xxvi, 458. $49.95 clothbound; $24.95 paperback.) The 400th anniversary of the "martyrdom" of the five Servants of God, Pedro de Corpa and Companions, on the coast of present-day Georgia Ln September, 1597, renders timely a review of this volume, Uidispensable for a knowledge of the first 200 years of CathoUc evangelization Ui the Southeast. In this case the knowledge is provided as a result of joining to the historians' analysis of literary remains the archaeologists' reading of the physical traces left in the sands and sou. Brought together in this anthology are sixteen archaeological reports originaUy pubUshed in a special issue of The Florida Anthropologist (Vol. 44, Nos. 2-4 [1991]), and intended to provide an update on mission archaeology.The subject is the "Florida Crescent," a mission system with its fulcrum at St. Augustine and extending north to St. Catherines Island, off Brunswick, Georgia, and west to Mission San Luis in TaUahassee. The authors are the archaeologists whose competency, dedication, and labors have Ui two decades made known a largely ignored era ofAmerican...


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