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138BOOK REVIEWS The second haU of the book, on politics in Salamanca, offers less purely original data, but nonetheless adds to our knowledge of the development of Catholic poUtics under the Republic. Salamanca was one of the chief bases of the Spanish Confederation of Autonomous Rightists, which in each of the last two Republican elections of 1933 and 1936 gained more votes than any other single party in the country.Vincent traces the origins and rise ofthe CEDA in Salamanca, and the Uicreasing polarization of politics, as moderate RepubUcan UberaUsm—which had the support of a minority of voters Ui the province—was steadUy reduced to impotence. In this section there are no surprises but considerable interesting details on the precise local configuration of this trend. Though it does not achieve any strikingly original breakthrough that challenges the estabUshed interpretations, this is an extremely weU done provincial study. It provides one of the best accounts that we have of any province during the RepubUcan years, and its study of Salamancan CathoUcism is exceUent. Stanley G. Payne University ofWisconsin-Madison Die Gründung des Bistums Berlin 1930. By Michael Höhle. [VeröffentUchungen der Kommission für Zeitgeschichte, Reihe B: Forshungen, Band 73.] (Paderborn: Ferdinand Schöningh. 1996. Pp. 308. DM 78,-.) This book presents a concise history of the Catholic Church in Berlin, which grew from a terra missionis under the authority of Breslau's prince bishops into a unique diocese centered around the German capital. Completed as a theology dissertation at Bonn, the study follows a straightforward chronology divided into five sections. A short survey of Catholicism in Brandenburg and Pomerania from the Reformation toWorldWar I is followed by three major sections covering the initiatives to found the diocese, the establishment of the diocese , and the "foundation phase" of the early 1930's.The conclusion provides a summary and an epUogue defendUig the actions of Berlin's CathoUc leaders during the Nazi era. Berlin in the Weimar RepubUc deserves the close attention of CathoUc historians .Turn-of-the-century Berlin had aUeady joined Paris and London as a true European metropoUs. At the same time, its CathoUc population had grown to over a haU-mülion, making it the thed largest Catholic "community" in Germany behind Munich and Cologne. BerUn was no longer a mission territory, though large parts ofBrandenburg and Pomerania still were. During the 1920's the city was home to some of the most signUicant German CathoUcs of the twentieth century including Carl Sonnenschein, Romano Guardini, and Helmut Fahsel.As the German capital, it was also the second home of aU the leading Center Party politicians. Berlin's CathoUc circles are thus central to our understanding the history of German CathoUcism m the early twentieth century. BOOK REVIEWS139 Höhle provides brief sketches of Berlin Catholicism and its most notable figures , but his primary focus is the creation of the diocese. The city's leadmg Catholics marshaled their forces for this task, as the Weimar RepubUc entered its last and most traumatic phase. Papal Nuncio Eugenio PaceUi negotiated the concordat with Prussia adjusting church boundaries to fit the realities of the VersaiUes Treaty, estabUshing the diplomatic rapport essential for a future concordat with the German Reich, and creating the Berlin Diocese.As PaceUi managed negotiations between Rome, Berlin, and Breslau, the Berlin clergy and Center Party poUticians worked to persuade the government and Landtag (state assembly). Opposition came primarily from the Lutheran church. More conservative Lutherans decried the papist incursion, while moderate church leaders argued that any agreement should involve all major denominations in a uneorm restructuring of church-state relations.Yet despite fears of bureaucratic obstruction or an anti-CathoUc groundsweU in the Landtag, ratification of the concordat proceeded smoothly. Höhle notes correctly that the peaceable victory in the Prussian Landtag was due in large part to the efforts of the Social Democratic Minister President Otto Braun. This study is weU researched, making use ofcontemporary journals and news articles, the diplomatic archives in Germany and the Vatican, and diocesan records.The author also provides helpful biographical footnotes.What the study lacks however, is analysis of religious, political, or diplomatic history and historiography . The reader...


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pp. 138-139
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