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BOOK REVIEWS345 The Muscovites' quickened efforts receive little attention. The narrative instead provides a richly documented account ofthe activities ofJesuits.The first of the book's five chapters is an extraordinarily rich description of both the Roman archives and the way Jesuits kept their records. Almost anyone interested in any aspect ofJesuit history wUl find this chapter worth careful consultation . The foUowing chapters describe the Jesuits in Poland-Lithuania, the Possevino mission, theTime ofTroubles (titled "The False Dmitri Episode"), and the expulsion of 1620 and its consequences. Each of these chapters demonstrates complete mastery of the secondary Uterature, the printed sources, and the Roman archives.AU are clearly, even engagingly, written and doubüess provide the best short discussion oftheir topics in EngUsh,particularly on the work of Possevino and Krizhanich.The bibUography is thorough and complete whUe the notes include learned discussions that provide much more than information on the sources. Given the rich documentation on which this book is based, and the great learning with which it is presented, it may seem disappointing that the main questions answered do not advance understanding of the significance of the Jesuits ' role in Russia very far. Nonetheless, this book provides thorough, accurate description of its topic and careful, learned presentation of the evidence, two important strengths that merit high praise. James T Flynn College of the Holy Cross P.Matthäus Rader SJ. Volume 1: 1595-1612. Bearbeitet von Helmut Zäh und SUvia Strodel; eingeleitet und herausgegeben von Alois Schmid. [Bayerische Gelehrten Korrespondenz.] (Munich: C. H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung . 1995. Pp. lxix, 659.) This volume is a ??ß?ef?e?e of scholarship. It inaugurates auspiciously the publication by the Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften of a projected multi-volume series of the correspondence of early modern Bavarian scholars and savants, many of whom were Jesuits.The project was initiated by Richard van Dülmen, who Ui the mid-seventies first urged the publication of the correspondent of the Munich Jesuits during the long reign of Duke and then Elector Maximilian I (1598-1651), and it must be seen as part of the long-range effort to redress the imbalance between the study and appreciation of North German Protestant culture and South German CathoUc culture which has borne fruit in recent years. The first volumes of this series are devoted to the Jesuit Matthäus Rader, whom the editors consider to be"the most important représentât«« ofLate Humanism in Upper Germany" f. xxix). Born in 1556 Ui Innichen in SouthTyrol, Rader entered the Jesuits in 1581. He taught humanities and rhetoric at the Jesuit coUege in Augsburg from 1591 to 1612, when at the request of Duke Maxi- 346BOOK REVIEWS mUian he was transferred to the coUege in Munich, where he died in 1634. A prolific author as weU as a teacher, Rader produced works of history and historiography , edited classical and Byzantine texts, and contributed several plays to the growing body ofJesuit drama. Political obstacles prevented the pubUcation of the three-volume court history of Bavaria, for the writing of which he was originaUy summoned to Munich. His most famous work was his Bavariapia et sancta (4 vols., Munich, 1615-1627), perhaps "the most characteristic pubUcation of the Bavarian Baroque" (p. xxvi), which in turn stimulated similar volumes telling the story of the saints and blessed of other territories. Among his other earfer pubUcations were the Acta of the eighth ecumenical councU of Constantinople as weU as the Epigrams of Martial and works of Curtius Rufus. Like many Jesuits, Rader participated in the epistolary culture of Late Humanism with an extensive, international correspondence, mostly with feUow Jesuits but with many others too. The current volume contains 309 of the roughly 2000 letters of his that have survived, nearly aU of them letters addressed to him since most of the letters he himself wrote have been lost. Most of this correspondence is found today in the Bavarian Hauptstaatsarchiv and Staatsbibliothek, and in the archives of the Upper German Province of the Society of Jesus, aU in Munich.Their content reveals much about the cultural and intellectual Ufe of the times as weU as about Ufe within the Society of Jesus...


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