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344BOOK REVIEWS The "missing years" of Donne's youth were spent on the continent. From references in Jasper Mayne's translation of Donne's Latin epigrams, a translation pubUshed after the poet's death, Donne arguably was one of a group of English CathoUc boys who visited the Prince of Parma's encampment outside Antwef in May of 1585.Another was probably Donne's friend Henry Percy,later 9th Earl of Northumberland. Donne returned to England Ui late winter of 1 587 with Henry Stanley, son of the Earl of Derby. Most likely the two traveled through Spain and Italy together during their two years on the continent. I know not how literary scholars will react to Flynn's arguments for the authenticity of Donne's Latin epigrams and for Jasper Heywood's influence on his poetic style, but historians, and especiaUy those interested in recusancy, wUl learn much from Flynn's analysis of Heywood's activities among the leading CathoUc famiUes. The EngUsh Jesuit historian John Hungerford PoUen contended that Heywood's contribution has been undervalued. Because of his conflict with Robert Parsons, Heywood was deemed "out of step" with official poUcy and was exiled to Naples. Flynn has rehabUitated him. Thomas M. McCoog, SJ. JesuitProvincial Archives, London Missio Moscovítica: The Role of the Jesuits in the Westernization ofRussia, 1582-1689. By Jan Joseph Santich, O.S.B. [American University Studies, Series LX, History,Vol. 178.] (NewYork: Peter Lang PubUshing, Inc. 1995. Pp. xi, 255. $41.95.) In the late 1960's, Father Santich planned a dissertation without access to Soviet archives to determine whether there had been clandestine Jesuit missions to Russia. His thorough search of the Roman archives made it clear that there was none. There were, however, pubUc missions which Santich describes Ui a detaUed narrative history, from the Jesuits' first arrival in Poland in 1555 to 1620, when the Russian autocracy recovered from the bitter civU war tangled with foreign invasions known as theTime ofTroubles, and expeUed the Jesuits and aU other Western influences. Russians took the Jesuit efforts at conversion and the PoUsh mUitary-poUtical intervention in Russia to be inseparable parts of a single movement .That conclusion was correct, for the Jesuits' work and that of the PoUshLithuanian state were inseparably linked.Westernization failed with the faUure of Poland to conquer. Santich concludes, however, that the Jesuits "caused a ß??f Muscovite reaction against [the West]. . . . and "quickened the efforts of the Muscovites to buUd up their own . . . capabiUties in order to keep Jesuits, CathoUcs, and Poles out of Muscovy."These quickened efforts Santich finds evidence for "an active, though indUect, role [of Jesuits] in the Westernization of Muscovy'^. 195). BOOK REVIEWS345 The Muscovites' quickened efforts receive little attention. The narrative instead provides a richly documented account ofthe activities ofJesuits.The first of the book's five chapters is an extraordinarily rich description of both the Roman archives and the way Jesuits kept theU records. Almost anyone interested in any aspect ofJesuit history wiU find this chapter worth careful consultation . The foUowing chapters describe the Jesuits in Poland-Iithuania, the Possevino mission, theTime ofTroubles (titled "The False Dmitri Episode"), and the expulsion of 1620 and its consequences. Each of these chapters demonstrates complete mastery of the secondary Uterature, the printed sources, and the Roman archives.AU are clearly, even engagingly, written and doubtless provide the best short discussion oftheir topics in EngUsh,particularly on the work of Possevino and Krizhanich.The bibUography is thorough and complete whUe the notes include learned discussions that provide much more than information on the sources. Given the rich documentation on which this book is based, and the great learning with which it is presented, it may seem disappointing that the main questions answered do not advance understanding of the significance of the Jesuits ' role in Russia very far. Nonetheless, this book provides thorough, accurate description of its topic and careful, learned presentation of the evidence, two important strengths that merit high praise. James T Flynn College of the Holy Cross P.Matthäus Rader SJ. Volume 1: 1595-1612. Bearbeitet von Helmut Zäh und SUvia Strodel; eingeleitet und herausgegeben von Alois Schmid. [Bayerische Gelehrten Korrespondenz.] (Munich...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1534-0708
Print ISSN
0008-8080
Pages
pp. 344-345
Launched on MUSE
2016-10-05
Open Access
No
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