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290BOOK REVIEWS his predecessors, he also promoted the development of NewWorld educational institutions. In terminating his introduction, the editor pays thoughtful tribute to the lay people of the Americas for the part they played in the evangelization process, a topic worthy of further research.Three appendices and an index of incipits (opening words), places, and topics likewise add to the worth of this volume. FinaUy our heartiest congratulations to the editor, Father Josef Metzler, O.M.I., and his collaborator, Giuseppina RoselU, for their scholarly contribution which, together with the companion volumes, belongs in every research library . Charles E. Ronan, SJ. John D. Baggarly, SJ. Loyola University ofChicago Church and State in the Modern Age. A Documentary History. Edited by J. J. Maclear. (NewYork: Oxford University Press. 1995. Pp. xviii, 510. $65.00.) This is a rich selection of documents, with succinct commentaries, ranging from the 1682 GaUicanArticles,the 1789 EnglishTolerationAct and the 1721 religious regulations of Peter the Great to recent matufestos from Latin American Catholic bishops and items arising out of the dissolution of East-bloc Communism . Excerpts are given from the 1773 briefdestroying the Society ofJesus and the 1814 buU restoring that same order worldwide.There is documentation on English America beginning inVirginia Ui l606.The flawed Maryland Act ofToleration of 1649 is there, coupled with commentary that early Maryland settlers were "primarily Protestant," but without noting the preponderant political, economic , and social role of the Catholic minority in the early period when reUgious toleration was broader than that allowed by the 1649 act. Major documents from other English American colonies are included, as are various laws stemming from France's revolution. The European postrevolutionary experience is amply represented,with items from France, Italy the German states, Sweden, Switzerland, and Britain. Conflict ofthe new Italy and the Papacy is represented by documents from the time of the Roman RepubUc,Vatican Council I, and the victory at the Porta Pia. Prince Bismarck's Kulturkampf against the Catholic Church and the more or less contemporary French school laws are recorded, and there are excerpts from four of Pope Leo XIII's encyclical letters. There is an ample section on reUgious effects of the Russian Revolution and subsequent Soviet developments, and key documentation is provided on the interrelationship of church people and the Nazi and Fascist regimes. Church-state cases in the United States since 1940, most of them dealing with reUgion and education, religion and racial poUcy in the Union of South Africa, the Catholic Medellin and Puebla conferences in Latin America, and the breakup in eastern Europe round out the documents.The ¦whole is a carefuUy constructed and weU BOOK REVIEWS291 organized compUation. It fits very well a course in the history ofthe modern reUgious bodies and their relationship to the state. A problem is the price. The kind of course that can best utUize the material is bound to be a somewhat esoteric elective of the kind I taught before retirement. I'd love to have had it avaUable.The students might have had other thoughts. James Hennesey Syracuse, New York Paolo VIeIa collegialità episcopate:Colloquio Internazionale di Studio, Brescia 25-26-27 setiembre 1992. [PubbUcazioni deU'Istituto Paolo VI, 15.] (Brescia: Istituto Paolo VI; Rome: Edizioni Studium. 1995. Pp. xvi, 389. Lire 70,000 paperback.) After devoting several international coUoquia to Pope PaulVTs activity before and during the SecondVatican CouncU, the Istituto PaoloVI has begun to sponsor research and coUoquia on his work after the close of the CouncU.This work presents the papers and discussions that were presented at the coUoquium held in Brescia in 1992. Like earUer volumes in the series, this one is carefully edited and handsomely produced. Eight major papers are devoted to Paul VTs concept of coUegiaUty his motu proprio "Sollicitudo omnium Ecctesiarum" on papal representatives, the development of the CoUege of Cardinals, his ideas of and participation in the Synod of Bishops, and his views of episcopal conferences. Conspicuously absent is any consideration of the impUcations for the question of coUegiaUty of the controversy provoked, including among some bishops and episcopal conferences , by the issuance ofHumanae vitae.These essays dtffer more greatly in scholarly quaUty than those in earlier volumes...


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