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(Photo by Pam Ashíord) Survey 24 A Southern Appalachian Bibliography: Guides To Appalachian Studies With this issue Appalachian Heritage begins a selected bibliography series of writings about the Southern Appalachian region—a bibliography designed primarily to meet the needs of readers who lack the time and resources for specialized research and extensive study or those who wish a select but rich range of authoritatively evaluated material. A "survey" of three large Surveys or studies of the region seemed a good way to begin . The Surveys, except for John C. Campbell's The Southern Highhnder and His Homeland, are likely more than many can contend with at first. Even Loyal Jones's summary of these may be so to some. For these, such books (to be listed and annotated later) as Kephart's Our Southern Highlander, James Watt Raine's The Land of Saddlebags , and Muriel Sheppard's Cabins in the Laurel provide good views of the older way of life. For the changing times, Harry CaudiWs Night Comes to the Cumberlands, John Stephenson's Shiloh; A Mountain Community and Wilma Dykemans The French Broad are representative. It is important to note that Loyal Jones, in his conclusion, indicates the need for another survey with more participation by residents of the area, pointing out that a "new" level of consciousness has developed along with dissatisfaction with early methods of approaching and handling Appalachian problems—these perhaps partly resiMng from the newer, more intensive emphasis on the region by Appalachian Studies programs . The Surveys Of The Appalachian Region by LOYAL JONES Loyal Jones, a native of North Carolina, is well known in the region for his work with Mountain Life & Work and now as director of The Appalachian Center of Berea College. Perhaps the first survey of the Appalachian region was the Message of the President of the United States Transmitting a Report of the Secretary of Agriculture in Relation to the Forests, Rivers, and Mountains of the Southern Appalachian Region (Government Printing Office ) . The year was 1902, and the President was Theodore Roosevelt. The report — 210 pages with maps and photographs and in hard covers — was produced to back up proposals for establishing national forests in the Appalachians. This volume was followed in 1905 by a U.S. Geological Survey (U.S. Department of the Interior) 25 paperback of 291 pages, The Southern Appalachian Forests by H. B. Ayres and W. W. Ashe (Government Printing Office, Professional Paper No. 37, Series H, Forestry, 12). These two reports provided a great deal of information on the physical features and resources of the region. Horace Kephart's Our Southern Highhnder appeared in 1913. It was a brilliant account of life in the setting of the Great Smokies. Many books on Appalachia have followed, and of course there have been a good many travel accounts and books about the South in general that also comment on the mountain parts of the South. Yet, out of a soon-to-be-published bibliography of some 17,000 annotated items (including films, photograph collections, etc.),1 there are only three surveys of the region that attempted to study different aspects of the major parts of the region. They are: The Southern Highlander and His Homeland by John C. Campbell ( 1921 ) ; Economic and Social Problems and Conditions of the Southern Appalachians, U.S. Department of Agriculture Miscellaneous Publication No. 205, 1935; and The Southern Appalachian Region: A Survey, edited by Thomas R. Ford, 1962. The purpose of this article is to review these three surveys, discuss how they were initiated and for what reasons, how they were financed and conducted, and what they produced. John C. Campbell and his second wife, Olive Dame Campbell, were two of the most gifted and perceptive persons ever to reside in the Appalachians. Campbell, a native of Indiana who grew up in Wisconsin, was inspired to serve his ministry in the Southern Mountains by a missionary, who spoke to his class at Andover Seminary. Another reason for his wanting to go South was that his father, a Scottish immigrant, had become ill in the South and was nursed back to health by friendly strangers. Young John wanted to repay this debt. Upon...


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