Abstract

Once they could no longer believe in the immortality of the soul, many Westerners substituted the project of improving human life on Earth for that of getting to Heaven. Hoping for the achievement of Enlightenment ideals took the place of yearning to see the face of God. Spiritual life came to center around movements for social change, rather than around prayer or ritual.

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Additional Information

ISSN
1946-0910
Print ISSN
0012-3846
Pages
pp. 91-94
Launched on MUSE
2011-10-05
Open Access
No
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