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Hebrew Studies 41 (2000) 297 Reviews made of the useful table Stuart supplies comparing the blessings and curses in Malachi with those in Leviticus and Deuteronomy. The bibliography is by far the most extensive in this volume. Both the Exegesis and Exposition are excellent. Stuart is particularly strong both in his analysis of the literary features of Malachi and in his explanation of the prophet's ideas and their background. His discussion of the difficulties in the book, especially those in chapter 2, is quite good. Stuart mentions the various opinions surrounding a particular crux, provides the evidence in support of each, and then gives his own opinion. It must be noted that the Exposition contains several useful tables dealing with such issues as word distribution, prophecies against foreign nations, and comparisons between Malachi's language and other biblical passages. In short, this is a rich commentary. This volume of the Baker Minor Prophets would be a worthwhile investment both for the interested and knowledgeable layperson as well as the intermediate-level student. Ronald L. Androphy Jewish Theological Seminary ofAmerica New York, NY 10027 THE DEAD SEA PSALMS SCROLLS & THE BOOK OF PSALMS. By Peter W. Flint. pp. xxii + 322 + x plates. STDJ XVII. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1997. Cloth, $101.25. This book is a comprehensive study of the Psalms scrolls from the caves at Qumran (36), Masada (2), and N$llI:Jever (1). There are more copies of the Psalms than of any other book, biblical or non-biblical, and this surely reflects the importance of this material, whether for liturgical or study purposes or both. Chapters 2-5 plus five appendices present primary data on the Psalms scrolls; chapters 1 and 6-10 examine broader issues in the light of this data. The author begins with a helpful survey (pp. 2-7) of all the Psalm scrolls that were published, either fully or in preliminary editions, as of August 1996. This list can now be updated to include the publication of llQPsb • c. d, e? and llQPsApa (now termed llQapocrPs) by F. Garcia Martinez and E. J. C. Tigchelaar in Discoveries in the Judaean Desert Hebrew Studies 41 (2000) 298 Reviews XXIII (1998) and of 4Q522 by Emile Puech in DJD XXV (1998); preliminary publications of most of the Cave 4 Psalms scrolls have appeared in articles in the last few years. In Dead Sea Discoveries 5 (1998) 320-325, Flint has updated or corrected his book in light of recent developments. The reader may wish to note especially the following: there is a newly identified scroll (PAM 43.3(0) containing Ps. 112:1, 3, 5, 7, 9 which is now given the designation 4QPs v (4Q98e); the scroll which Flint previously designated as 4QPs v (4Q98e) is now published as frg. 3 of llQPsd ; a small fragment of Ps 50:3-7 is tenatively identified as l1QPs~ (11Q9) by Martinez and Tigchelaar-all of which brings the total number of Psalms scrolls found at Qumran to thirty-seven (and the overall total to forty). In addition, the scroll that was designated as 4QPs89 is now 4QPs w (4Q236); and 4Q522 "Work with Place Names" has been renamed "4QProphecy of Joshua (apocrJosh~)." Flint gives a brief description (pp. 31-47) of each of the thirty-nine Psalms scrolls, plus seven other manuscripts that contain passages from the Psalms. He comments on orthography, arrangement (whether written in prose format or stichometrically), and unusual features such as the writing of the tetragrammaton in palaeo-Hebrew in 1QPsb and 11QPsll and the use of red ink for the first words of Psalm 103 in 2QPs (2QI4), a usage which he interprets in terms of a liturgical function. Flint then presents extensive lists of all variant readings (excluding orthographic differences), first according to manuscript (chap. 3) and again (chap. 4) according to Psalm and verse. For this purpose, he defmes a variant as "any disagreement between one of the Dead Sea Psalms scrolls with either the Masoretic Text or another Psalms scroll"; he also gives the reading of the Septuagint, but not of the other versions. Flint does not analyze the variants except for a brief discussion in...


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