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More Allusions to Herbert in Josua Poole's The English Parnassus by Richard F. Kennedy To the fifteen citations from George Herbert's poetry in Josua Poole's The English Parnassus (1657) listed by Robert Ray in his Herbert Allusion Book,1 one may add these nineteen: p. 259 (sig. S2), from the section Bed: The voluntary grave. [Cf. "Mortification," 11. 7-8] p. 267 (sig. S6), from the section Breasts: The box where sweets compacted lie. [Cf. "Vertue," 1. 10] The hives of sweetness. [Cf. "Home," 1. 20] p. 286 (sig. TT"), from the section Constant: Whom neither fear nor favour can Wrest from his thoughts, and make him less a man, Whom neither force nor fawning can Unpin, or wrench, from giving all their due Whose honesty is not So loose or easie, that a ruffling wind Can blow away, or glittering look it blind, Who rides his sure and even trot While the world now rides by, now lags behind, Whom nothing can procure, When the wide world runs bias, from his will, To writh his limbs and shake. [Cf. "Constancie," 11. 4-10, 31-33. The only substantive difference is in 1. 33, where Poole emends Herbert's "share" to "shake."] p. 248 (sig. V5V), from the section Death: The first Alchymist to calcine into dust The living bodies. 52Richard F. Kennedy [Cf. "Easter," 1. 5. The OED cites Herbert's use of "calcine" as the first in this sense: see calcine, v. 2. b. fig.] p. 268 (sig. XT'), from the section Eyes.: The busie wanderers. [Cf. "Self-condemnation," 1. 5] p. 273 (sig. Y2), from the section Eloquence. Eloquent: A speaking pomander. [Cf. "The Odour,"ll. 16-17] p. 288 (sig. Zlv), from the section Face: Beauty takes up her place, And dates her letters from that face, When she doth write. [Cf. "The British Church," 11. 4-6] Hive of sweetnesse. [Cf. "Home," 1. 20] p. 319 (sig. BbI), from the section Gamester: That civil gun-powder which can in peace Blow up whole houses and their whole increase. [Cf. "The Church-porch," 11. 203-04] p. 323 (sig. Bb3), from the section God: Whose great arme spans the East and West, And tacks the center to the sphear. [Cf. "Prayer" (II), 11. 8-9] p. 357 (sig. Dd4), from the section Day ofJudgement: Dooms-day. When souls shall wear their new array. [Cf. "Death," 11. 18-19] p. 358 (sig. Dd4v), from the section Day ofJudgement: When rocks and all things shall disband. [Cf. "Assurance," 1. 34. The OED cites Herbert's use of "disband" as the first in this sense: see disband, v., ?. 5.] Allusions to Herbert53 p. 370 (sig. Ee2v), from the section Lips: Those speaking pomanders. [Cf. "The Odour," 11. 16-17] p. 419 (sig. Hh3), from the section Night: The ebon box. [Cf. "Even-song," 1.21] p. 423 (sig. Hh5), from the section Midnight: When mortals have Their Burial in their voluntary grave. Bed. [Cf. "Mortification," 11. 8-9] p. 457 (sig. Kk6), from the section Prayer: To invade gods ear with welcome importunity. [Cf. "Prayer" (II), 1. 3] p. 530 (sig. Pp2v), from the section Tombe: The gloomy house of death. [Cf. "Mortification," 1. 30] In the second part of The English Parnassus, which is a collection of the "choicest Epithets" alphabeticallyarranged under nouns, Poole has entered, under the heading "Peace" (p. 152), the epithet "snudging," whichhe probably gleanedfrom Herbert's "Giddinesse": Now eat his bread in peace And snudge in quiet. (11. 10-11) The OED records Herbert's as the first use in this sense of to remain snug and quiet (see "snudge" v.2). It may be of interest to see how often Poole cited Herbert in relation to a sampling of other authors. Of the 62 books Poole lists as "principally made use of in the compiling of this Work" (pp. 41-42), he quoted Herbert 34 times, Lovelace not at all, Thomas Fuller's Holy State 20 times, Herrick 23 times, Milton 51 times, Donne 59 times, Carew 65 times, Habington's Gastara 107 times, William Browne's Pastorals over 200 times, Quarles 243 times, Sandys' translation of Ovid 350 times...


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