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Cognitive and metacognitive strategies, often referred to as "study skills," are considered essential to being successful in college. Their importance is underscored by the fact that academic tasks at the college level tend to demand far more higher-level thinking and independent learning than those encountered in secondary school (Carson, Chase, Gibson, & Hargove, 1992). Instruction in these strategies is currently the subject of much interest and research in education. An example of a general approach to teaching learning strategies, labeled "learning-to-learn," has its basis in informational and generative models of learning, and its emphasis on self-regulated and strategic learning (Simpson, Hynd, Nist, & Burrell, 1997).