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122ARTHURIANA episode Burne-Jones had in mind when he painted The Beguiling ofMerlin? Would you like a version ofthe begetting ofMordred in which the lady is not (as in Malory) a scheming deceiver? What about the story of a female knight (a rarity in Middle English)? Are you interested in Sir Bertilak's early life, before he got to Hautdesert and started laying traps for Sir Gawain, or in the Devil-Cat ofLausanne (it may give you a whole new perspective on Jane Fonda's performance in Cat Baloo)? It's all here, and much more besides. Making all this available is a real service to literature. That said, it is a pity that the Uther and Igerne story should have been abbreviated (at both ends); that no use seems to have been made ofthe second manuscript, short as it is; and that the Bibliography omits Carole Meale's important treatment of the English Prose Merlin texts in Arthurian Literature /^(1985), and gives Wace's Roman de Rou instead of his Roman de Brut. Dr. Conlee apparently meant to cite the old S.A.TF Roman de Brut, but his intended readership will find Judith Weiss's excellent new parallel-text edition and translation of the Brut much more useful. Some smaller matters. Emend to weteth 'witeth' 39.126, croupe 88.115,jn/w^f 132.196, knyghtes 137.16, 145.246 and 267.354, renomee 235.338, hundred 259.117, 259.131 and 261.164, swowned 263.224, spaynel 291.74, ? thus 297.238; give a sentence-break at 32.400 instead of32.401; gloss mete 'food' 24.159, girde 'tightened the girths of 134.265, disparble 'disperse' 143.167, nevew 'cousin' 214.228 (cf. 209.89-91),fauced'caused [not] to fail' 391.350; and in the Commentary, note at 122.239 me echo ofVirgil, Aeneidiv 173-88; and at 210.126? that the acolee ('accolade') is not an embrace but a blow at the junction of the neck and the shoulder (OF a+col'neck'). p.j.c. field University ofWales, Bangor MARiLYNN Desmond, ed., Christinede Pizan andthe Categories ofDifference. Medieval Cultures 14. Minneapolis and London.-University of Minnesota Press, 1998. Pp. xix, 286. isbn: 0-8166-3081-?. $22.95 (paper), 0-8166-3080-1. $57.95 (hard). Proceedings ofacademic conferences notoriously publish many barely altered versions of twenty-minute papers (too often underdeveloped treatments of otherwise good ideas), thus achieving exhaustive inclusiveness at the expense of intellectual depth and authority. The twelve essays in this collection were all originally delivered at Binghamton University in 1995 at 'Christine de Pizan: Texts/Interrexts/Contexts,' a conference I attended. Thus I can attest both the laudable selectivity employed by the editor and the intelligent expansion lavished by the authors on the published fruits of what began as a very rich academic exchange. Collectively, the chapters demonstrate Christine's unique position as a writing medieval woman, the depth and breadth of whose learnedness not only rendered her an 'anomaly' capable of drawing early audiences to the 'novelty' of female authorship, but positioned her to produce an oeuvre dazzling for the number of texts she wrote, the variety of literary genres she practiced, and the range ofaudience levels she intentionally addressed or REVIEWS123 inadvertently reached both during and after her life. As always, a project in which so many collaborate results in a rich variety, which I shall try to convey in the following. The scope of the chapters is diverse, ranging widely over the Christine corpus or focusing narrowly on a single work or even a certain motif in a work. In the first chapter 'Christine de Pizan on the Art ofWarfare,' Charity Willard the grande dame of Christine studies, reviews, in addition to the expected Livre desfais d'armes et de chevalerie, various works in which Christine treats military topics. Managing to be both comprehensive and critically nuanced in an essay that is very ambitious in its scope, Roberta Krueger ('Christine's Anxious Lessons: Gender, Morality, and the Social Order from the Enseignemens to the Avision) analyzes texts in which Christine functioned as a teacher to a variety of students, including no less than the king, the dauphin, members...


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