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186CIVIL WAR history The book is the first volume of a proposed two volume set. It traces the development of the mainland town and its island from the exploration of the Florida panhandle in the early nineteenth century up to 1941. The first half of the book deals with the changes Apalachicola experienced during the nineteenth century. Owing to the important role William Popham played in Apalachicola and Saint George Island, the second half of the book examines Popham's life and controversial career, considering, among other things, his development of the island. Besides its interesting content, the book contains illustrations thathelp the reader better comprehend the text. Rogers offers a thorough history of Apalachicola and its pristine barrier island. Those interested in Florida history, or those interested in local studies, would especially enjoy the book. No doubt, any reader would gain from Rogers's beautifully written history. I look forward to volume two. Edward L. White III University of Notre Dame The Papers ofJefferson Davis, Volume V, 1853-1855. Edited by Lynda L. Crist; Mary S. Dix, associate editor. (Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press, 1985. Pp. xiii, 557. $37.50.) The middle-aged Jefferson Davis was a political figure of growing national prominence (some even promoted him as a presidential candidate ), a man enthusiastic about learning and advancing technology, and a man who had an ability to impress others (one admiring younger girl thoughthim "abrilliant conversationalist," noting "it was a liberal education to be with him," p. 16 n. 13). This fifth volume of papers touches principally upon Davis's tour ofduty in Franklin Pierce's cabinet. We see much illustration of his keen mind, some of his personal tragedy (his two-year-old son died) and of his loving family relationships, and a few glimpses of his long-running feuds—particularly the one with Winfield Scott, which Robert M. Utley noted in the Introduction, "was inevitable " (p. vi). Financial difficulty has forced a down-scaling of the project. Future Davis scholars still will have to use the earlier Dunbar Rowland edition of Davis Papers. Much resort has been taken to calendaring. Approximately 21,700 pertinent items are known to exist for the period covered by this volume; some9,000 areherein calendared and 93 areprinted with annotation. The quality of editing is extremely high; the editors deserve every accolade. One small oversight: page 66 n. 3 indicates that "the Willard Hotel was closed [permanently] in 1968", but does not note that in the 1980s it has been restored and reopened. Davis asserted that all his political ambitions stood subordinate to his BOOK REVIEWS187 desire". . . to advance the doctrine of state rights . . ." (p. 9). He did admit a desire to enter the U.S. Senate, but always "my principle being that my first allegiance was to the state of which I was a citizen" (p. 52; see also pp. 138 and 148). As a state righter, naturally Davis was a strict constructionist, and he enunciated this often. James Buchanan once commented upon it, opining in a humorous story that Davis truly was the quintessential strict constructionist (p. 34 n. 49) . Davis stood firmly in support of slavery. Indeed he insisted that "no man who assails the institution" should be appointed to any federal office (p. 22). He was interested in publications that defended the institution , and personally endorsed one book that did so (pp. 85-86). Too, he favored the free expansion of slavery into the territories (p. 30), and he believed "the country on the Pacific is in many respects adapted to slave labor" (p. 142). He genuinely was concerned with promoting sound education, and was profoundly involved with upgrading the quality of instruction at West Point. He urged requirements in foreign languages and other rigorous courses (p. 82). Under his direction the military academy extended the study to a five-year program (although only three classes graduated under that plan). Davis sternly rejected requests by certain cadets that they be allowed to grow beards, and their hair long (pp. 104-6). A number of Davis's significant involvements in furthering the adoption of technological innovation are touched upon. Perhaps none is so intriguing as the...


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