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356CIVIL WAR HISTORY support is forthcoming, and an attempt is made to correlate this with congressional action, die best verdict which can be rendered on Mrs. Wilbum's examination of die Bank's critical years is the old Scottish one, "Not proven." Davu) Meerse SUNY Fredonia William Anderson Scott: "No Ordinary Man." By Clifford M. Drury. (Glendale: Arthur H. Clark Co., 1967. Pp. 352. $6.50. ) Land speculators, gold-seekers, and Indian hunters populated the successive American Wests in the nineteenth century, but some purveyors of die genteel gifts of education and reUgion also left imprints upon postfrontier communities from Tennessee to California. A teacher, pamphleteer, editor, Moderator of the Old School Presbyterian General Assembly, and preeminendy a great preacher, William Anderson Scott has been remembered as an effective and prolific apologete for Presbyterianism and as a founder of the San Francisco Theological Seminary. His able biographer in an assiduous, detailed narrative reveals both frontier and eastern influences upon his subject's life. Despite a childhood illness which left him permanently lame, the half-educated Scott Uved in a log cabin, witnessed Indian wars, and was old enough to preach before he was old enough to shave. Yet a lifelong respect for the formal education which he never acquired and a series of tours and pulpits in Paris, London, and New York sandwiched among his western ministries, distinguished him from the sons of pioneers whom he served. His organizational talents, his abihty to inspire intense loyalties and hostiUties, and his spellbinding but rational sermons drew wide attention from pubUc officials and from churchmen within and outside of his denomination for over forty years. Drury's biography includes important data about poUtical and intrachurch controversies which ensnared Scott and other outspoken and influential western clergymen. Persecuted for his opposition to CaUfornia vigilantes and for his criticisms of required Bible readings in the state's pubUc schools, Scott's suspicions of church-state cooperation extended to the slavery-secession controversies which rent die Old School Presbyterian Church in 1861. A slaveholder and, for a number of years, a colonizationist, Scott condemned bodi die attempts of some Presbyterians to commit the denomination on the slavery issue and the Church's affirmation of loyalty to the Union in 1861. Scott insisted that slavery was a poUtical, not a reUgious, issue. Drury beUeves that his argument encouraged unity within the denomination, but six months after war erupted Scott's pro-Southern sentiments forced him out of his San Francisco pulpit. Scott's biographer also narrates the less significant but equally interesting circumstances of his busy Ufe: the damnation he endured for his censure of Henry Clay and his blessings of Jefferson Davis; his ministry at Andrew Jackson's Hermitage Church; travelogues of numerous vacations; and friend- BOOKREVIEWS357 ships and antagonisms with obscure clergymen. Other dilemmas of Scott's career, including his unexplained fears of interdenominationalism, might have been clarified by a more analytical treatment of his pubUshed writings . Well-researched but undocumented, sympathetic but not adulatory, this biography is weak on Scott's theology but thorough on the large and small events of his Ufe. Drury frequently mentions his sources and research activities within the text and includes an important list of manuscripts and church reports in a brief bibhography. Enlightened about the contributions of one prominent clergyman, some readers may find this Ufe of Scott useful for sociological and rehgious studies of the ordinary Western Presbyterians whom this extraordinary man served. Roderick N. Ryon Towson State College William Montague Browne: Versatile Anglo-Irish American, 1833-1883, by E. Merton Coulter. (AƜiens: University of Georgia Press, 1967. Pp. vni, 328. $7.50.) Professor Coulter has been producing historical articles and books on the Old South for many years. Beyond his major works he has rescued from obUvion many southerners who worked with the traditional heroic figures, but who themselves Uved at the secondary level of historical significance. WilUam Montague Browne was such a man. Browne came to America in the early 1850's and first worked for the New York Journal of Commerce. He came suddenly into the national limeUght in 1859 as editor of Buchanan's new administration newspaper, the Constitutwn, successor to...


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