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  • Leonardo On-Line Bibliographies
  • Julien Knebusch, Carlos Palombini, and David Topper

The Leonardo Bibliography Project ( places bibliographies of interest to our art/science/technology audience on Leonardo On-Line, our web site. Types of bibliographies include reading lists for classes and courses of interest to educators; detailed bibliographies on specialized topics (e.g. Art and Biology); bibliographies of single authors of interest to our readership (e.g. Rudolf Arnheim). Readers interested in publishing a bibliography on Leonardo On-Line should contact the Leonardo Editorial Office <> with a description of the bibliography.

The Cultural Roots of Globalization

Compiled by Julien Knebusch.

E-mail: <>.

This bibliography presents a wide range of books (including works on literature, philosophy, geography and electronic art) on globalization. The authors deal with the deeper roots of the phenomenon: Where does it come from? Which kind of imagery is underlying? What are the fundamental reasons that lead us to global activities or emotions?

Pierre Schaeffer: A Survey of the Literature

Compiled by Carlos Palombini.

E-mail: <>.

Electroacoustic music, legend has it, was born in 1956 when, in Stockhausen's Gesang der Jünglinge, the materials of musique concrète and those of elektronische Musik blended. Musique concrète and elektronische Musik, however, amounted to more than the choice between two different kinds of materials. This bibliography's compiler asks: what then if, rather than acting as one of the pillars upon which electroacoustic music rests, musique concrète had been the apex of something else? The bibliography consists of a selected list of Schaeffer's writings and is intended to act as a starting point in the compiler's investigation. The bibliography describes and briefly comments on 10 titles on Pierre Schaeffer's research on sound. Published in France from 1967 to 1999, most of these writings were written by members of his circle and himself. It is unfortunate that only a couple of these books has appeared in English translations. Such titles as Pierret's Entretiens avec Pierre Schaeffer, Brunet's De la musique concrète à la musique même and Chion's Guide des objets sonores, if they were accessible to an English speaking readership, would allow Schaeffer's thinking on sound to interact with a less—or differently—biased environment.

The Visual Arts and the Natural Sciences in Historical Perspective: An Annotated Bibliography

Compiled by David Topper,

E-mail: <>.

This bibliography has a clear and simple aim: to provide the reader/researcher with an annotated list of some of the best scholarship in English on the subject of historical interrelationship and interaction between the visual arts and the natural sciences. (Excluded from this bibliography is material that is sometimes grouped under the more general heading "Art & Science," such as matters pertaining to technology, medicine, literature, music, psychology [e.g. psychoanalysis and creativity], as well as the wealth of material on perspective, the camera obscura, photography, and the Golden Section (although a few are mentioned) and the huge volume of writings on the namesake of this journal, namely Leonardo da Vinci. Also excluded is material on contemporary art, since much of this has been covered in Leonardo since its inception in 1968 [1].

In addition to being annotated, this bibliography includes cross-listings of citations with similar themes. Its focus is mainly on writings that posit direct and often specific historical instances and relationships, rather than on those covering general philosophical or methodological matters. Such a focus betrays the compiler's slant on art/science historiography: that the most genuine historical work entails a real causal link between art and science (with concrete evidence), rather than an appeal to some nebulous "spirit of the times" or a Zeitgeist [2].

Julien Knebusch
E-mail: <>.
Carlos Palombini
E-mail: <>.
David Topper
E-mail: <>.


1. In two earlier bibliographies ("Interrelationships between the Visual Arts, Science, and Technology: A Bibliography," Leonardo 13, No.1, 29-33 [1980] and "Interrelationships of the Arts, Sciences, and Technology: A Bibliographic Up-Date, Leonardo 18, No.3, 197-200...


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