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100CIVIL WAR history it would hurt die Soutii: to its vital organs, die heart of die homelands. Burning and looting every müe of die way, die Federals created psychological havoc witii Confederate troops in die fields of Virginia and Tennessee. That "Cump" Sherman's new dieory proved successful is borne out by die large numbers of Georgia and Carolina troops who left Confederate armies —with or without permission—to see to the safety and well-being of their dependents back home. Mary Sharp Jones and her daughter Mary Jones MaUard were two of die innocent victims of tiiat blue military tornado. Their joint diary, written at die famüy plantation, "Montevideo," a few miles soutiiwest of Savannah, is a record of six week's suffering at the hands of Federal marauders. In vivid detaü is described die daily raids and growing privations, die patiietic sorrow at livestock seized, furniture destroyed, family heirlooms stolen, and slaves forcefuUy carried off into "emancipation." The journal also shows that the major responsibüity for die wanton destruction of eastern Georgia lay not so much with Sherman (who administered Savannah widi amazing judiciousness ) as with his irresponsible cavalry chief, Judson Küpatrick, who both approved and participated in the piUaging of the interior. Professor HaskeU Monroe, now of Texas A&M CoUege, has done a commendable job in bringing this journal to the attention of Civil War enthusiasts and in doing a painstakingly thorough job of editing it for publication. In the tedious task of identifying all persons and places mentioned, it is no reflection on Dr. Monroe's ability that a few errors resulted. Richmond's Libby Prison is misspelled, and Sherman's cavalry-killer was erroneously named Hugh R. Küpatrick. The assertion that Joe Wheeler's Confederate cavalry were Ukewise guilty of widespread looting and burning is not substantiated by Mrs. DoUy Bürge of Covington, Georgia, who recorded one of the better eyewitness accounts of Sherman's march. (This valuable journal is currendy being published seriaUy in the Georgia Historical Quarterly.) And many foUowers of the Army of Tennessee may argue that Sherman never "defeated" Johnston in die Chattanooga-Adanta campaign. Jefferson Davis did more damage to Uncle Joe than did any Union commander. But these are minor points that have little deterring effect on a newfound treasure of Confederate social history. James I. Robertson, Jr. Iowa City, Iowa Abraham Lincoln: A New Portrait. Edited by Henry B. Kranz. (New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons. 1959. Pp. 2,512. $4.00. ) "he rarely showed more than one aspect of himseU to one man," Lincoln 's first biographer, Josiah G. Holland, said of him. "He opened himself to men in different directions." In this volume of essays, twenty-two writers interpret the character of Lincoln aspect by aspect. The result is a highly readable book which, whüe offering no startling interpretations, does provide refreshing insight into the personality of a great and complex man. Book Reviews101 Lincoln had many sides. He was a remarkably effective commander-inchief , an able lawyer, a politician, a political phüosopher, a writer, a dabbler in the sciences, a family man, and—above aU—a folk hero. His personah 'ty was indeed too complex to be divided perfecdy and evenly into packages of twenty-two or any other number. Thus we have some of the same anecdotes cropping up in two or more essays. And aU of the chapters are not of the same quaUty. T. Harry Wühams' exceUent essay on "Lincoln: the Military Strategist" tells of Lincoln's remarkable grasp and execution of the strategy necessary for subduing the South. Theodore C. Biegen writes equally well about "Lincoln's Imagery." On the other hand, such an essay as "Lincoln and Music" might better have been omitted because Lincoln appears to have had no musical side to speak of; however, the autiior Carl Haverlin, does well in coping with a difficult assignment. Minor objections aside, the compüation is a worth-while book for the thousands of Americans who are not Lincoln scholars but who find their hearts drawn to the man whose goodness as well as his greatness has made him part of the...

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Additional Information

ISSN
1533-6271
Print ISSN
0009-8078
Pages
pp. 100-101
Launched on MUSE
2013-01-02
Open Access
No
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