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Mr. McCorkle is recognized as the principal authority on the music of the American Moravians. His articles on this and related topics have appeared in such journals as the "North Carolina Historical Review ," "Musical Quarterly," and tiie "Journal of the American Musicological Society." A musicologist, performer, editor, teacher, and critic, he is currently active as executive director of the Moravian Music Foundation and visiting assistant professor of musicology at Salem College, Winston-Salem. Regiment Band of the Twenty-Sixth North Carolina JULIUS LEINBACH Edited by Donald M. McCorkle The military band has held a position of great importance in ioartime since the very beginning of organized warfare itself. Wliether in ancient or in modern times, the bandsman has consistently been utilized as a morale builder of tiie first order. And, just as consistently, he has been an unsung hero; his rank seldom being very high, his duties have run the gamut from butcher to baker to candlestick maker and the inevitable "medic." Yet through all he has carved for himself a unique niche in the eternal scroll of honor. His music has bolstered the attack and the retreat, the offense and the defense, and above all has rejuvenated the emotions of patriotism. And so it was too in the American Civil War. Probably no one would know howmany bands were engaged in this conflict, nor indeed, probably, would many be interested. But to the student of cultural history the question would have some merit, for he is concerned with the mind of the soldier. His questions might be these: "Did the men have interest in music while in the heat of battle?" "What tunes did they sing?" "What effect, if any, did the battle situation have upon the musicians interest in good performance ?" Some of these questions are answered in this colorful and dramatic account of what occurred behind the scenes during the battle of Gettysburg. Julius Augustus Leinbach (Lineback) (1834-1930) toas at Gettysburg with the Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiment Band, in ante- and post-bellum 225 226DON ALD M . MCCORKLE days the Salem Brass Band from the Moravian Church community of Salem, North Carolina. Leinbach and his fellow band members saw at close range the four-day massacre of the Twenty-sixth Regiment, the massacre that cost it nearly ninety per cent of its personnel and won for it the fitting title, "The Bloody Twenty-sixth." Leinbach's account, here slightly abridged and edited, was first given early in the century as a speech before the Wachovia Historical Society in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. It was subsequently published, unedited, as an appendix for Bernard J. PfohTs book, The Salem Band (Winston-Salem: Privately Printed, 1953). The titles listed in the supplement (page 234 ff.) are those that comprised the repertory of the Twenty-sixth Regiment Band. It isa representative sampling of the tunes and songs which made up the musical fare of the Confederate soldier in his triumph and his defeat. Few of the pieces wiU ever be heardagain, and that is probably well. For no music is quite as evanescent as the music for war; it is so thoroughly a creature of circumstance that, once its value has been utilized, it can only remain thereafter unsung, as are the heroes of the military bands who exploited it for war. ? have been asked to give an account of some of the experiences of the Twenty-sixth North Carolina Band during the Civil War, and the battle of Gettysburg was suggested as being the most notable. . . . General Lee's original objective had been Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, but from information received he changed his course, and directed his corps commanders to congregate in the neighborhood of Gettysburg. Heth's division of A. P. Hill's corps had arrived at Cash Town, some eight miles from Gettysburg, on the evening of June 29, 1863. The next morning [Major] General Heth ordered [Brigadier] General Pettigrew to take the three regiments he had with him, three pieces of artillery and some wagons, go to Gettysburg and procure some supplies. It was expected that he would find a body of Home Guards there, which would no doubt retire on the approach of a larger...


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