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BOOK NOTES images ofchildbirth, maternity, and the maternal. All three were also either lesbian or had homosexual affinities, so they were interested in the move—especially salient in decadent art and literature—from l'artpour Tart to le sexepour le sexe: "aestheticism came to mean the irrational in both productive (art) and reproductive (sexuality) realms [. . Jfemale homosexuality became the perfect figure for l'art pour l'art. Voluptuous (that is, aesthetic) yet sterile (that is, nonutilitarian)" (47). Carlston emphasizes that fascism was not just a political ideology but a cultural movement: it both used culture (including sexual politics, art, the media, and social power relations) and created it (as a mechanism ofmass control). This study also takes a larger view offascism, linking its past and present appeal to elements suppressed by Western rationalism: the mystical, the aesthetic, and the sexual (185). The dominance ofreason has "produced enormous classes ofobjectified and dominated beings—workers, colonized peoples, women, animals —and alienated humans from the products of their labor, their own bodies, each other, and the natural world" (185). As we trace the legacy offascism in our time—techniques of media manipulation, control ofmass culture, the politics of spectacle—and note the resurgence of neo-fascism(s) around the globe, we can appreciate Carlston's concluding warning about "the fascist influence manifested in the institutions, movements, and ideologies that legitimate and eroticize violence; that inscribe any form of domination by certain classes of human beings over others; or that are allied with authoritarian, dictatorial, and patriarchal politics. Whether or not we label such ideologies and institutions 'fascist,' it is these fundamental questions about the uses and abuses ofpower, violence, and authority that should concern us as we continue, as we must, thinking fascism" (186). Elaine Martin77ie University ofAlabama-Tuscaloosa BOOKS RECEIVED Adamson, Joseph and Hilary Clark, eds. Scenes ofShame: Psychoanalysis, Shame, and Writing. Albany: SUNY Press, 1999. Armstrong, Raymond. Kafka andPinter: Shadow-Boxing. New York: St. Martin's, 1999. Aronoff, Myron J. TAe SpyNovels ofJohn le Carré: BalancingEthics andPolitics. New York: St. Martin's, 1999. Bernstein, Susan. Virtuosity ofthe Nineteenth Century: Performing Music and Language in Heine, Liszt, and Baudelaire. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1 999. Bowie, Malcolm. Proust Among the Stars. New York: Columbia UP, 1998. Brown, Catherine. Contrary Things: Exegesis, Dialectic, and the Poetics of Didacticism. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Bukharin, Nikolai. How itAllBegan: The Prison Novel, [autobiographical novel]. New York: Columbia UP, 1998. Cheyette, Bryan, ed. ContemporaryJewish Writing in Britain and Ireland: An Anthology . Lincoln: U ofNebraska P, 1998. Cohn, Robert Greer, ed. Mallarmé in the Twentieth Century. Cranbury NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP, 1998. Cook, Eleanor. Against Coercion: Games Poets Play. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Vol 23 (1999): 198 ??? COHPAnATIST Corngold, Stanley. Complex Pleasure: Forms ofFeeling in German Literature. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Dolezel, Lubomir. Heterocosmica; Fiction and Possible Worlds. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins UP, 1998 Durham, Scott. Phantom Communities: The Simulacrum and the Limits ofPostmodernism . Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Gilman, Sander L. Love + Marriage = Death: And Other Essays on Representing Difference. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Gleason, William A. The Leisure Ethic; Work and Play in American Literature, 1840-1940. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1999. Hale, Dorothy J. SocialFormalism: The Novel in Theoryfrom HenryJames to the Present. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Hartman, Geoffrey H. TAe Fateful Question ofCulture. New York: Columbia UP, 1997. Hegel, Robert E. Reading Illustrated Fiction in Late Imperial China. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Lenoir, Timothy, ed.. Inscribing Science: Scientific Texts and the Materiality of Communication. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Lévinas, Emmanuel. Entre Nous: Thinking-of-the-Other. Trans. Michael B. Smith and Barbara Harshav. New York: Columbia UP, 1998. Lieb, Michael. Children ofEzekiel; Aliens, UFOs, the Crisis ofRace, and the Advent ofEnd Time. Durham: Duke UP, 1998. Longxi, Zhang. Mighty Opposites: From Dichotomies to Differences in the Comparative Study ofChina. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1999. Maggi, Armando. Uttering the Word; The Mystical Performances ofMaria Maddalena de' Pazzi, a Renaissance Visionary. Albany: SUNY Press, 1998. Mueller-Vollmer, Kurt and Michael Irmscher, eds. TranslatingLiteratures, Translating Cultures; New Vistas and Approaches in Literary Studies. Stanford: Stanford UP, 1998. Nemoianu, Virgil, ed. Romanticism in its Modern Aspects and Early Discussions on Expanding Comparative Literary Studies. Review ofNational Literatures and World Report (New...


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